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Records: 1 - 20 of 45 - Pages: 
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Census Confidentiality and Privacy : 1790-2002

Excerpt: Introduction; If the framers of the U.S. Constitution thought that the census might be viewed as an intrusion on personal privacy or foresaw any need to keep census data confidential, their misgivings were not evident when they approved Article 1, section 2, providing for a decennial census....

Table of Contents: THE GROWING NEED FOR CONFIDENTIALITY SAFEGUARDS, 3 -- 1790-1840: Shouldn?t This Information Be Confidential?, 3 -- Census results publically posted, 4 -- First concerns about economic data, 4 -- 1850-1950: The Long Journey to Title 13, 5 -- Secretary of the Interior?s statement, 6 -- Superintendent of the Census? declaration, 6 -- Local supervisors replace U.S. marshals, 7 -- The 1880 and 1890 Census Acts, 7 -- Confidentiality strengthened and extended to individuals, 9 -- Access to individual census records, 11 -- DISCLOSURE LIMITATION AT THE CENSUS BUREAU, 20 -- The Disclosure Review Board, 34 -- RESTRICTED ACCESS TO CONFIDENTIAL DATA, 35 -- Choosing and Setting up New RDCs, 36 -- Securing the office, 37 -- Security functions of personnel at the RDC, 39 -- Protecting Confidentiality for the Life Cycle of Research Projects, 39 -- Initial inquiry, 40 -- Project selection, 41 -- Evaluating Confidentiality Safeguards at the RDCs, 42 -- PRIVACY AT THE CENSUS BUREAU: 1974 - 2002 AND BEYOND, 43 -- SUMMARY, 51...

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Components of GDP : Income and Expenditure Views of GDP

By: Sal Khan

Looking at a simple model of an economy

Circular flow of income and expenditure. Gross domestic product. You already understand the circular nature of the economy and how GDP is defined from the last tutorial. Now let's think about how economists define the composition of GDP. In particular, we...

macroeconomics, Gross Domestic Product

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Real and nominal GDP : GDP Deflator

By: Sal Khan

Relationship between the GDP deflator, nominal GDP and real GDP

Circular flow of income and expenditure. Gross domestic product. The value of a currency is constantly changing (usually going down in terms of what you can buy). Given this, how can we compare GDP measured in dollars in one year to another year? This tut...

macroeconomics

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IS-LM Model : Loanable Funds Interpretation of IS Curve

By: Sal Khan

Thinking about how real GDP can drive real interest rates

Consumption function. Marginal propensity to consume and multiplier. Keynesian Cross and IS-LM model. In this tutorial, we begin thinking about the impact of real interest rates on planned investment and output. We then use this to help us plot the IS cur...

ISLM, IS-LM, IS/LM

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Real and nominal GDP : Example Calculating Real GDP with a Deflator

By: Sal Khan

Simple example of calculating Real GDP from Nominal GDP

Circular flow of income and expenditure. Gross domestic product. The value of a currency is constantly changing (usually going down in terms of what you can buy). Given this, how can we compare GDP measured in dollars in one year to another year? This tut...

macroeconomics

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GDP and the circular flow of income and expenditures : Parsing Gross Domestic Product

By: Sal Khan

Understanding what GDP does and doesn't measure.

Circular flow of income and expenditure. Gross domestic product. Economics can some times get confusing because one person's expenditure is another person's income which can then be used for expenditure and on and on and on. Seems very circular. It is. Th...

macroeconomics, GNP, GDP

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Real and nominal GDP : Real GDP and Nominal GDP

By: Sal Khan

Using real GDP as a measure of actual productivity growth

Circular flow of income and expenditure. Gross domestic product. The value of a currency is constantly changing (usually going down in terms of what you can buy). Given this, how can we compare GDP measured in dollars in one year to another year? This tut...

macroeconomics

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GDP and the circular flow of income and expenditures : More on Final and Intermediate GDP Contributions

By: Sal Khan

What happens when a good is not finished in a period

Circular flow of income and expenditure. Gross domestic product. Economics can some times get confusing because one person's expenditure is another person's income which can then be used for expenditure and on and on and on. Seems very circular. It is. Th...

macroeconomics

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Components of GDP : Investment and Consumption

By: Sal Khan

Difference between every day and economic notions of investment and consumption

Circular flow of income and expenditure. Gross domestic product. You already understand the circular nature of the economy and how GDP is defined from the last tutorial. Now let's think about how economists define the composition of GDP. In particular, we...

macroeconomics

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GDP and the circular flow of income and expenditures : Circular Flow of Income and Expenditures

By: Sal Khan

Understanding the flow of resources in the simplest possible economy

Circular flow of income and expenditure. Gross domestic product. Economics can some times get confusing because one person's expenditure is another person's income which can then be used for expenditure and on and on and on. Seems very circular. It is. Th...

macroeconomics

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Commodity Futures Trading Commission Application of the Chicago Mercantile Exchange for Designation as a Contract Market in Pork Composite Futures and Options

By: Steven Manaster

Excerpt: The Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME or Exchange) has applied for designation as a contract market in pork composite futures and options. The Director of the Division of Economic Analysis (Division) of the Commission, acting pursuant to the authority delegated by Commission Regulation 140.96, has determined that publication of the proposals for comment is in the public interest, will assist the Commission in considering the views of interested persons, and is consistent with the purpose of the Commodity Exchange Act....

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The Jews and Modern Capitalism

By: Werner Sombart

Excerpt: Chapter 1. Introductory Two possible methods may be used to discover to what extent any group of people participated in a particular form of economic organization. One is the statistical; the other may be termed the genetic. By means of the first we endeavour to ascertain the actual number of persons taking Part 1n some economic activity ? say, those who establish trade with a particular country, or who found any given indus?try ? and then we calculate what percentage is represented by the mem?bers of the group in which we happen to be interested. There is no doubt that the statistical method has many advantages. A pretty clear concep?tion...

Table of Contents: The Jews and Modern Capitalism, 1 -- Werner Sombart, 1 -- Notes and References, 1 -- Part I: The Contribution of the Jews to Modern Economic Life, 2 -- Chapter 1. Introductory, 2 -- Chapter 2. The Shifting of the Centre of Economic Life since the Sixteenth Century, 6 -- Chapter 3. The Quickening of International Trade, 12 -- Chapter 4. The Foundation of Modern Colonies, 15 -- Chapter 5. The Foundation of the Modern State, 26 -- Chapter 6. The Predominance of Commerce in Economic Life, 32 -- Chapter 7. The Growth of a Capitalistic Point of View in Economic Life, 60 -- Part II. The Aptitude of the Jews of Modern Capitalism, 81 -- Chapter 8. The Problem, 81 -- Chapter 9. What is a Capitalist Undertaker?, 82 -- Chapter 10. The Objective Circumstances in the Jewish Aptitude for Modern Capitalism, 87 -- Chapter 11. The Significance of the Jewish Religion in Economic Life, 98 -- Chapter 12. Jewish Characteristics, 130 -- Part III. The Origin of the Jewish Genius, 145 -- Chapter 13. The Race Problem, 145 -- Chapter 14. The Vicissitudes of the Jewish People, 167...

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Components of GDP : Components of GDP

By: Sal Khan

Understanding the components of the expenditure view of GDP. Consumption, investment, government spending and net exports

Circular flow of income and expenditure. Gross domestic product. You already understand the circular nature of the economy and how GDP is defined from the last tutorial. Now let's think about how economists define the composition of GDP. In particular, we...

macroeconomics, Gross Domestic Product

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Components of GDP : Examples of Accounting for GDP

By: Sal Khan

Thinking about how different types of expenditures would be accounted for in GDP

Circular flow of income and expenditure. Gross domestic product. You already understand the circular nature of the economy and how GDP is defined from the last tutorial. Now let's think about how economists define the composition of GDP. In particular, we...

macroeconomics, Gross Domestic Product

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Historical circumstances explained by AD/AS : Real GDP driving Price

By: Sal Khan

Thinking about how high utilization could drive price as another justification for an upward sloping short-run aggregate supply curve

Aggregate demand and aggregate supply. Keynesian thinking. Demand-pull and cost-push inflation. Fiscal and monetary policy. In the last tutorial, we claimed that the aggregate demand and aggregate supply model (AD-AS) would be useful for analyzing macroec...

macroeconomics, AD-AS, model

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A Systematic Review and Economic Evaluation of the Use of Tumour Necrosis Factor-alpha Tnf-α Inhibitors, Adalimumab and Infliximab, for Crohn's Disease

By: J Dretzke

Description: Crohn's disease (CD) is a severe, lifelong disease characterised by inflammation of the gastrointestinal mucosa. The impact on patients and society is high as ill health can be lifelong and can negatively affect patients' quality of life. Costs to the NHS are high, particularly for patients needing hospitalisation. Conventional treatment pathways are complex. More recently, a group of drugs called tumour necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors (anti-TNF-α agents) have been evaluated for their effectiveness in CD. One of these, infliximab, is currently recommended by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE: 2002) for patients with severe, active CD where patients are refractory to or intolerant of conventional treatment....

TOC : NIHR Health Technology Assessment programme -- Glossary -- List of abbreviations -- Note -- Executive summary -- 1. Background -- 2. Definition of the decision problem -- 3. Assessment of clinical effectiveness -- 4. Assessment of cost-effectiveness...

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The Clinical Effectiveness and Cost-effectiveness of Exercise Referral Schemes: a Systematic Review and Economic Evaluation

By: Trials and Studies Coordinating Centre (Uk) Nihr Evaluation

Description: Background: Exercise referral schemes (ERS) aim to identify inactive adults in the primary-care setting. The GP or health-care professional then refers the patient to a third-party service, with this service taking responsibility for prescribing and monitoring an exercise programme tailored to the needs of the individual. Objective: To assess the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of ERS for people with a diagnosed medical condition known to benefit from physical activity (PA). The scope of this report was broadened to consider individuals without a diagnosed condition who are sedentary. Data sources: MEDLINE: EMBASE: PsycINFO: The Cochrane Library, ISI Web of Science: SPORTDiscus and ongoing trial registries were searched (from 1990 to October 2009) and included study references were checked. Methods: Systematic reviews: the effectiveness of ERS, predictors of ERS uptake and adherence, and the cost-effectiveness of ERS: and the development of a decision-analytic economic model to assess cost-effectiveness of ERS. Results: Seven randomised controlled trials (UK, n = 5: non-UK, n = 2) met the effectiveness inc...

TOC : NIHR Health Technology Assessment programme -- List of abbreviations -- Executive summary -- 1. Background -- 2. Definition of the decision problem -- 3. Systematic review of the clinical effectiveness of exercise referral schemes -- 4. Systematic r...

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Eos 2D/3D X-ray Imaging System: a Systematic Review and Economic Evaluation

By: McKenna C

Description: EOS is a biplane X-ray imaging system manufactured by EOS Imaging (formerly Biospace Med, Paris, France). It uses slot-scanning technology to produce a high-quality image with less irradiation than standard imaging techniques....

TOC : NIHR Health Technology Assessment programme -- Glossary -- List of abbreviations -- Executive summary -- 1. Background and definition of the decision problem -- Description of the technology under assessment -- Comparators -- Condition(s) and aetiol...

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Dasatinib and Nilotinib for Imatinibresistant or -intolerant Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia: a Systematic Review and Economic Evaluation

By: G Rogers

Description: Chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) is a form of cancer affecting the blood, characterised by excessive proliferation of white blood cells in the bone marrow and circulating blood. In the UK, an estimated 560 new cases of CML are diagnosed each year....

TOC : NIHR Health Technology Assessment programme -- Glossary -- List of abbreviations -- Executive summary -- 1. Background -- 2. Assessment of clinical effectiveness -- 3. Cost-effectiveness: introduction -- 4. Cost-effectiveness: systematic review -- 5...

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Etanercept, Infliximab and Adalimumab for the Treatment of Psoriatic Arthritis: a Systematic Review and Economic Evaluation

By: M Rodgers

Description: Etanercept, infliximab and adalimumab are licensed in the UK for the treatment of active and progressive psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in adults who have an inadequate response to standard treatment....

TOC : NIHR Health Technology Assessment programme -- Glossary -- List of abbreviations -- Note -- Executive summary -- 1. Background -- 2. Definition of decision problem -- 3. Assessment of clinical effectiveness -- 4. Assessment of cost-effectiveness evi...

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