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Psychopathology of Everyday Life

By: Sigmund Freud

Introduction: Professor Freud developed his system of psychoanalysis while studying the so?called borderline cases of mental diseases, such as hysteria and compulsionneurosis. By discarding the old methods of treatment and strictly applying himself to a study of the patient?s life he discovered that the hitherto puzzling symptoms had a definite meaning, and that there was nothing arbitrary in any morbid manifestation. Psychoanalysis always showed that they referred to some definite problem or conflict of the person concerned. It was while tracing back the abnormal to the normal state that Professor Freud found how faint the line of demarcation was between the normal and neurotic person,and that the psychopathologic mechanisms so glaringly observed in the psychoneuroses and psychoses could usually be demonstrated in a lesser degree in normal persons. This led to a study of the faulty actions of everyday life and later to the publication of the Psychopathology of Everyday Life, a book which passed through four editions in Germany and is considered the author?s most popular work. With great ingenuity and penetration the author throws m...

Table of Contents: Psychopathology of Everyday Life, 1 -- Sigmund Freud, 1s

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Psychopathology of Everyday Life

By: Sigmund Freud

Professor Freud developed his system of psychoanalysis while studying the so-called borderline cases of mental diseases, such as hysteria and compulsionneurosis. By discarding the old methods of treatment and strictly applying himself to a study of the patient's life he discovered that the hitherto puzzling symptoms had a definite meaning, and that there was nothing arbitrary in any morbid manifestation. Psychoanalysis always showed that they referred to some definite problem or conflict of the person concerned. It was while tracing back the abnormal to the normal state that Professor Freud found how faint the line of demarcation was between the normal and neurotic person,and that the psychopathologic mechanisms so glaringly observed in the psychoneuroses and psychoses could usually be demonstrated in a lesser degree in normal persons. This led to a study of the faulty actions of everyday life and later to the publication of the Psychopathology of Everyday Life, a book which passed through four editions in Germany and is considered the author's most popular work. With great ingenuity and penetration the author throws much light on t...

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Socrates in the Light of Modern Psychopathology

By: Morris J. Karpas, M. D.

INTRODUCTION: The Hellenic influence upon the intellectual development of the world is infinite. The intellectual force emanating from the sources of Greek art, literature and philosophy permeated thru the ages and have helped to shape the destiny of our civilization. Except the blind forces of Nature, says Sir Henry Sumner Maine, nothing moves in this world which is not Greek in its origin. [1.] Without a shadow of doubt, Greek Philosophy forms the firm background of progressive and reflective thought in all its phases and ramifications....

· INTRODUCTION · THE PERSONALITY OF SOCRATES · THE DIALECTIC METHOD · SOCRATIC CONCEPTION OF VIRTUE · KNOW THYSELF · BIBLIOGRAPHY.

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Talks and Interviews : 2011 Roundtable at Stanford: Education Nation 2.0

By: Sal Khan

Designing an education that truly builds the necessary skills for today's enormously diverse student population is not easy. But it's the key to opportunity for our citizens, economic vitality for our nation, and to assuring the U. S. remains a world lead...

Collection of interviews with and presentations by Salman Khan. Also a few other mentions of Khan Academy at other talks.

education, teaching, learning, child, development, reform, schools, Teacher, Student

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I. Description of the Proposed Training Program

Excerpt: I.1. Overview We request support for an interdicviplinary pre-doctoral training program at Carnegie Mellon University that Will Prepare a new generation of researchers who will be (A) grounded in cutting-edge theories and methodologies in cognitive and developmental psychology....

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Early Childhood Education : The Journey from Efficacy Research to Effective, Everyday Practice

By: Craig T. Ramey, Ph. D.

Excerpt: During the past decade there has been a steady increase in scientific evidence that establishes the undeniable importance of the early years in human development (see Shonkoff, & Phillips, 2000). This evidence is particularly strong with respect to school readiness for children from families of limited education and low income (Ramey & Ramey, 1998). Language and literacy skills and their relation to other aspects of child development have been identified as key areas for further scientific concern and systematic policy formulation (Hart & Risley, 1995; Lyon, 2002)....

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Fourth Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

By: Rod Paige

Excerpt: DISCRIMINATION PROHIBITED No person in the United States shall, on the grounds of race, color, or national origin, be excluded from participating in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance, or be so treated on the basis of sex under most education programs or activities receiving Federal assistance. No otherwise qualified individual with disabilities in the United States shall, solely by reason of his disability, be excluded from the participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance....

Table of Contents: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY, xxi -- I. CONTEXT/ENVIRONMENT -- Special Education Teacher Quality, I-1 -- Study Methods, I-1 -- Limitations of SPeNSE for Measuring Teacher Quality, I-2 -- Correlates of Teacher Quality, I-3 -- An Aggregate Teacher-Quality Measure, I-8 -- Next Steps: Testing the Model Using Student Achievement Data, I-9 -- Summary, I-10 -- What Are We Spending on Special Education Services in the United -- States, 1999-2000?, I-19 -- A Conceptual Framework for Analyzing Special Education -- Spending, I-19 -- Total Spending on Students With Disabilities, I-20 -- Allocation of Special Education Expenditures, I-27 -- Allocation and Use of Federal Funds, I-32 -- Future Reports, I-35 -- Children With Disabilities in Low-Income Families: An Analysis of -- Data From the ECLS-K, I-37 -- Poverty and Child Development, I-38 -- Summary of the Literature Review, I-44 -- Methods, I-45 -- Results, I-46 -- Discussion, I-52 -- Use of the Developmental Delay Classification for Children Ages 3 -- Through 9, I-57 -- Changes in Numbers of Children Served, I-61 -- Summary, I-63 -- II. STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS -- Infants and Toddlers...

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Description of the Proposed Training Program

By: Dr. Erosheva

Excerpt: I.1. Overview We request support for an interdicviplinary pre-doctoral training program at Carnegie Mellon University that Will Prepare a new generation of researchers who will be (A) grounded in cutting-edge theories and methodologies in cognitive and developmental psychology....

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Socrates in the Light of Modern Psychopathology

By: Morris J. Karpas, M. D.

Excerpt: ?CONSCIOUSNESS had reached this point in Greece, when in Athens, the great forum of Socrates, in whom subjectivity of thought was brought to consciousness in a more definite and more thorough manner, now appeared. But Socrates did not grow like a mushroom out of the earth, for he extends in continuity with his time, and this is not only a most important figure in the history of philosophy but perhaps also a world famed personage.? Hegel....

Table of Contents: SOCRATES IN THE LIGHT OF MODERN PSYCHOPATHOLOGY, 1 -- MORRIS J. KARPAS, M. D, 1 -- Introduction, 1 -- THE PERSONALITY OF SOCRATES, 2 -- THE DIALECTIC METHOD, 5 -- SOCRATIC CONCEPTION OF VIRTUE, 5 -- KNOW THYSELF, 7 -- BIBLIOGRAPHY, 8...

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The Development Psychology of Psychopathology

By: Sam Vaknin

We are all members of a few families in our lifetime: the one that we are born to and the one (s) that we create. We all transfer hurts, attitudes, fears, hopes and desires - a whole emotional baggage - from the former to the latter. The narcissist is no exception. The narcissist has a dichotomous view of humanity: humans are either Sources of Narcissistic Supply (and, then, idealised and over-valued) or do not fulfill this function (and, therefore, are valueless, devalued). The narcissist gets all the love that he needs from himself. From the outside he needs approval, affirmation, admiration, adoration, attention - in other words, externalised Ego boundary functions. He does not require - nor does he seek - his parents? or his siblings? love, or to be loved by his children. He casts them as the audience in the theatre of his inflated grandiosity....

C O N T E N T S I. The Narcissistic Parent II. The Narcissist's Mother III. Born Alien IV. Parenting - The Irrational Vocation V. The Development of Narcissists and Schizoids VI. Serial Killers VII. Sex, or Gender VIII. The Author IX. About After the Rain The Narcissistic Parent...

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Adaptation and Fun and Pleasure

By: Paul Rosenfels

PART I: The Origin of the Neuroses -- The libido and its frustrations -- The Oedipus complex -- Childhood and psychopathology -- The unconscious and repression -- Social life and the death instinct -- The influence of religion -- Why war -- Freud's personal psychology......

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Freud and the Scientific Method

By: Paul Rosenfels

Excerpt: Part 1. The Origin of the Neuroses. Introduction: I have never believed that the world needs a St. George to conquer the dragon of Freudian error. I believe that ordinary rational men who are not captured by professional status images can see the artificiality and lack of genuine love for humanity that characterizes his theories. Once this insight has become established in men?s minds, what use can it be to follow Freud into all the byways and sidetracks with which he sought to cover up his own sense of being on shaky ground? How many times does an individual have to prove that one and one is two? Freud obviously had some kind of high impact influence on the psychological thinking of his time. I wish to identify the nature of that influence without getting lost in the kind of polemics which becomes invective, a fate which has overcome many of his critics. It is necessary for the critic to be firmly oriented toward the search for truth about human nature in his own life if his analysis of Freudian error is to be a contribution to the building of a science of human nature....

Table of Contents: Freud and the Scientific Method, 1 -- Paul Rosenfels, 1 -- PART I: The Origin of the Neuroses, 1 -- The libido and its frustrations, 3 -- The Oedipus complex, 5 -- Childhood and psychopathology, 10 -- The unconscious and repression, 17 -- Social life and the death instinct, 21 -- The influence of religion, 29 -- Why war, 31 -- Freud's personal psychology, 37...

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Essays in Radical Empiricism

By: William James

William James (1842 – 1910) was a pioneering American psychologist and philosopher. He wrote influential books on the young science of psychology, educational psychology, psychology of religious experience and mysticism, and the philosophies of pragmatism and Radical Empiricism. Essays in Radical Empiricism is a collection edited and published posthumously by his colleague and biographer Ralph Barton Perry in 1912. It was assembled from a collection of reprinted journal articles published from 1904–1905 which James had deposited in August, 1906, at the Harvard University for supplemental use by his students. (Wikipedia)...

Philosophy, Psychology

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The Integration of Spirituality in Psychiatric Teaching : The Lesson to Belearned from Our Patients

By: Dr. Robert M. Lawrence

Emerging from historical separation, science and spirituality are reaching out in the struggle for convergence. This is in tune with holistic approaches to assessment and management, and in this the training and teaching of psychiatry holds pre-eminence. There is a striking link between many aspects of psychopathology and coping mechanisms and the underlying moral and cultural values modifying behavioural expressions and outcomes. The world scientific literature is also swelling with contributions producing such an evidence base....

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American Psychology, 1900-1922

By: Various

This is the first of what is intended to be three projects featuring journal articles which chart the development of psychology as an academic discipline in the United States during the twentieth century. This first collection begins with an appraisal of functionalism by William James and takes in: early contributions to educational psychology; works of early feminist psychologists; discussions of behaviourism and pragmatism. Also included is Watson and Rayer's famous 1920 Little Albert study. (Summary by Carl Manchester)...

Psychology

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Dr. Montessori's Own Handbook

By: Maria Montessori

This is the authoritative book written by Montessori to describe her methods. It gives an overview of the Montessori Method as developed for 3 to 6 year olds. It is a short work, intended as a manual for teachers and parents, detailing the materials used as well as her philosophy in developing them. As a result of the widespread interest that has been taken in my method of child education, certain books have been issued, which may appear to the general reader to be authoritative expositions of the Montessori system. I wish to state definitely that the present work, the English translation of which has been authorized and approved by me, is the only authentic manual of the Montessori method ... M. Montessori in the Preface ( Summary by Phil Chenevert )...

Advice, Instruction, Children, Psychology

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Freud and the Scientific Method

By: Paul Rosenfels

The problem with the modern world, if we can be simple-minded for a moment, is that we don't understand it. And what is most perplexing, paradoxically, is our own human nature. None of our front line reporters or big city editors diminish in the least the incomprehensibility of man's inhumanity to man or his inability, on average, to lead a truly fulfilling life. The reasons for this intractability are not obvious. Human nature is, after all, a subject most of us are closer to than, say, nuclear reactor technology, and hopefully a bit less complicated too. Anyone who begins to live the examined life learns soon enough that familiarity and understanding are not synonymous, of course, and that sometimes the only way to make sense of a subject is to step away from it so as to escape the seductions of its surface. This need for scientific insight is the motivation behind psychoanalysis, the New Age movement, and much of human progress in general. But why, in the midst of astonishing unifications of fields as diverse as quantum mechanics, molecular biology and global plate tectonics, is it still so difficult for thinkers to agree upon a ...

· PART I: The Origin of the Neuroses · The libido and its frustrations · The Oedipus complex · Childhood and psychopathology · The unconscious and repression · Social life and the death instinct · The influence of religion · Why war · Freud's personal psychology...

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The Effectiveness of Interventions to Treat Severe Acute Malnutrition in Young Children: a Systematic Review

By: National Academies Press (US)

Description: Background: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) arises as a consequence of a sudden period of food shortage and is associated with loss of a person's body fat and wasting of their skeletal muscle. Many of those affected are already undernourished and are often susceptible to disease. Infants and young children are the most vulnerable as they require extra nutrition for growth and development, have comparatively limited energy reserves and depend on others. Undernutrition can have drastic and wide-ranging consequences for the child's development and survival in the short and long term. Despite efforts made to treat SAM through different interventions and programmes, it continues to cause unacceptably high levels of mortality and morbidity. Uncertainty remains as to the most effective methods to treat severe acute malnutrition in young children. Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to treat infants and children aged < 5 years who have SAM. Data sources: Eight databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non- Indexed Citations, CAB Abstracts Ovid, Bioline, Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, E...

TOC : NIHR Health Technology Assessment programme -- List of abbreviations -- Executive summary -- 1. Background -- 2. Methods for the Delphi process and systematic review of clinical effectiveness -- 3. Results of the Delphi process -- 4. Assessment of c...

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Wommack’s The Art of Parenting : Lessons from Parents & Mentors of Extraordinary Americans

By: David Wommack

Let's be honest. No other parenting books even try to show you how to make your son or daughter a great American. We do. Thirty-one (31) great men and women from across many professions, genders, politics, religions, and walks of life--the products of extraordinary parenting and mentoring. This book offers the exact techniques, words, phrases, mantras --to propel your offspring to incredible success -- toward rich, vivid lives. They worked for those parents and mentors. They can and will work for you too. Mantras are the 21st Century way to lock your ideals, standards, ethics, and principles into formative minds. By definition they demand repetition. The phrasing may stay the same or almost the same. The stories, the elaboration, the background, the colors may bob and weave. But the cores of the mantras stay fixed. Stars to remember and guide one through life. MANTRAS. The exact words used to motivate and guide those great future Americans. Distilled from over 500 biographies. These techniques, these words and phrases, WORK! This book uniquely brings you the best parenting and mentoring advice. Straight up. No bull. The EXACT, SPECI...

Introduction An easier childhood? There is a deep-seated river that contrarily runs through most American parenting. The belief that “my children” should have it easier than we, as parents, had it — when we were growing up. That is the worst mantra of parents! Spoiling your kids is the worst curse you can bestow upon your kids and yourself. It will come back to haunt you. Over and over and over. And then it will be too late. An old adage. Well, maybe we’ve grown up a little and are now more accomplished at avoiding corporeal punishment, except in the most egregious situations. But we continue to spoil them in other ways. Excess money. Excess toys. Excess time on their hands with nothing constructive to do. Excess trivia in their lives....

Contents Dedication .................................................................................................................. 10 Introduction ................................................................................................................ 11 An easier childhood? ........................................................................................ 11 Parenting has changed? .................................................................................... 11 Mantras are the past and the future .................................................................. 12 About the Author ....................................................................................................... 15 VOLUME I–THE ART OF PARENTING................................................................ 17 Kareem Abdul-Jabbar ................................................................................................ 17 Who is Kareem Abdul-Jabbar? ............................................................................... 17 Parenting Techniques .........................................................................

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