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Louis II of Anjou

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Title: Louis II of Anjou  
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Subject: Antipope John XXIII, Barcelonnette, Pope Boniface IX, Pope Urban VI, Pope Innocent VII, 1377, 1409, Anjou, House of Valois, Tarascon
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Louis II of Anjou

Louis II of Anjou
Duke of Anjou; King of Naples

Louis II of Naples.
Spouse Yolande of Aragon
Issue
Louis III of Anjou
René of Anjou
Charles of Le Maine
Marie, Queen of France
Yolande
House House of Valois-Anjou
Father Louis I of Anjou
Mother Marie of Blois
Born c.1377
Died 29 April 1417 (aged 39-40)

Louis II of Anjou (1377 – 29 April 1417) was the rival of Ladislaus as King of Naples. He was a member of the House of Valois-Anjou.

Biography

Born in Toulouse, Louis II was the son of Louis I of Anjou, King of Naples, and Marie of Blois. He came into his Angevin inheritance, which included Provence, in 1384, with his rival Charles of Durazzo (father of Ladislaus), of the senior Angevin line, in possession of Naples.

Most towns in Provence revolted after the death of his father. His mother then raised an army and they traveled from town to town, to gain support. Louis was recognized as Count of Provence in 1387.[1]

In 1386, the underage Ladislaus was expelled from Naples soon after his father died. Louis II was crowned King of Naples by the Avignonese antipope Clement VII on 1 November 1389 and took possession of Naples the following year. He was ousted in turn by his rival in 1399.

In 1409, Louis liberated Rome from Ladislaus' occupation; in 1410, as an ally of the antipope John XXIII he attacked Ladislaus and defeated him at Roccasecca (1411). Eventually Louis lost his Neapolitan support and had to retire. His claim to Naples passed to his son, Louis III.

He married his first cousin once removed Yolande of Aragon (1384–1443) in Arles in 1400, giving him a possibility of inheriting the throne of Aragon through her right. Her father, King John I of Aragon had died in 1396, and her uncle king Martin I of Aragon died in 1410.

His son Louis was bethrothed to Catherine of Burgundy, a daughter of John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy. However, after John instigated a mob attack on the Dauphin of France, he and his wife joined the Armagnac Faction.[2] The engament with Catherine was repudiated, which caused the enmity of the Duke of Burgundy.

He was not present at the Battle of Agincourt, because he had a bladder infection.[3] After the battle, he fled from Paris to join his wife and children at Angers.[4]

Louis II died at his chateau of Angers, the heart of Anjou; he is buried there.

Family

Louis and Yolande had five surviving children:

Notes

Bibliography

See also

Preceded by:
Louis I
Duke of Anjou
1384–1417
Succeeded by:
Louis III
Count of Maine
1384–1417
Count of Provence and Forcalquier
1384–1417
Count of Piedmont
1384–1417
King of Naples
in contest with Ladislaus of Naples
1384–1417
factual rule
1389–1399

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