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Infobox film

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Infobox film

Template documentation
}
}
}
}
Directed by } or }
Produced by } or }
Written by } or }
Screenplay by }
Story by }
Based on }
Starring }
Narrated by } or }
Music by }
Cinematography }
Edited by }
Production
company
} or
}
Distributed by }
Release dates
}
Running time
}
Country }
Language }
Budget }
Box office }

is used to present key information about a particular motion picture.

Contents

  • Usage 1
  • Parameters 2
  • Examples 3
  • Image 4
  • Credits 5
  • Release dates 6
  • Distributor 7
  • IMDb, AllMovie and other external links 8
  • Ratings 9
  • Country 10
  • Preceded by / Followed by 11
  • Microformat 12
    • Controlling line-breaking in embedded bulletless lists 12.1
  • TemplateData 13
  • See also 14
  • Notes 15

Usage

The infobox may be added by pasting the template as shown below into an article, typically at the top of an article above the lead section.

 -->
| starring       = 
| narrator       = 
| music          = 
| cinematography = 
| editing        = 
| studio         = 
| distributor    = 
| released       = 
| runtime        = 
| country        = 
| language       = 
| budget         = 
| gross          = 
}}

Parameters

All parameters are optional.

Parameter Explanation
italic title set to no if the title of the article should not be automatically italicised (for instance, if the title has a disambiguation clause).
name Insert the full common name of the film (defaults to if empty).
image Insert a relevant image for the film. Ideally this should be a film poster, but a DVD/VHS cover, screenshot, or other film-related image may also be used. Only use the actual file name, i.e. |image=Forrest Gump poster.jpg. See #Image for further guidelines.
alt Alt text for the image. See WorldHeritage:ALT. This field is normally not visible in standard web browsers, but you can see it by requesting the image's properties from the browser. A visually impaired reader will typically hear the alt text in place of the image.
caption Insert image caption, which should describe the type of image used.
film name Insert the native title of the film using the template if it is different from the displayed title; please visit that template's page for full instructions. This parameter is for the native title only, i.e. it should not be used to add translated titles to the infobox.
director Insert the name(s) of the director(s). Separate multiple entries using . In addition, link each director to his/her appropriate article if possible.
producer Insert the name(s) of the producer(s). Separate multiple entries using . In addition, link each producer to his/her appropriate article if possible. Only producer credits should be included, not executive producers, associate producers, etc.
writer Insert the name(s) of the writer(s). This field is primarily used for films where the writer(s) are credited under "Written by". Separate multiple entries using . In addition, link each writer to his/her appropriate article if possible.
screenplay Insert the name(s) of the screenplay writer(s). Separate multiple entries using . Use this field instead of the normal writer field if films divide writing credits between screenplay and story writers. In addition, link each writer to his/her appropriate article if possible.
story Insert the name(s) of the story writer(s). Separate multiple entries using . Use this field instead of the normal writer field if films divide writing credits between screenplay and story writers. In addition, link each writer to his/her appropriate article if possible.
based on Insert the title of the source material and the name(s) of the source material writer(s). Use this field in conjunction with screenplay and story where applicable (i.e. "Screen story") if films are based on previously produced or published material, such as books, plays, articles, old screenplays etc. Use or similar formatting where possible. Do not use this field where the source material is ambiguous.
starring Insert the names of the actors as they are listed in the billing block of the poster for the film's original theatrical release.[1] If unavailable, use the top-billed actors from the screen credits. Other additions by consensus. Use the template for multiple entries, and link each actor to his/her article if possible. Don't add additional text (such as "with" or "featuring") or punctuation to the list.
narrator Insert the name(s) of the narrator(s). Separate multiple entries using . In addition, link each narrator to his/her appropriate article if possible. Note: do not include actors with a role in the film; this is not a place for in-character voiceovers.
music Insert the name(s) of the composer(s) of original music. Separate multiple entries using . In addition, link each composer to his/her appropriate article if possible.
cinematography Insert the name(s) of the cinematographer(s). Separate multiple entries using . In addition, link each cinematographer to his/her appropriate article if possible.
editing Insert the name(s) of the editor(s). Separate multiple entries using . Listing "additional editors" and "supervising editors" may occasionally be appropriate, in which case add the tag "(add)" or "(sup)". Link each editor to his/her article if possible.
  • studio
  • or
  • production companies
Insert the company or companies that produced the film. Separate multiple entries using , and use the "production companies" parameter. In addition, link each company to its appropriate article if possible.
distributor Insert the company name(s) of the distributor(s) that first released the film. Separate multiple entries using . In addition, link each distributor to its appropriate article if possible. See #Distributor for additional guidelines.
released Insert only the most relevant release date(s) of the film. If multiple entries are required, separate using . Use . See #Release dates for additional guidelines.
runtime Insert an approximate time duration of the theatrical release of the film in minutes. Do not link to minute. The BBFC website is a reliable source - the running time is given to the second, so round it to the minute. Do not include any additional run times, such as a director's cut or an unrated version, without consensus.
country
  • For reasons explained below preference is given to reliable databases like BFI, AFI, or Variety. Some call it the country(s) of production, while other simply call it the country(s) or nationality. If there is a conflict of information in various reliable sources, then list only the common published nations. Alternatively in the case of conflict, consider leaving this field blank and discussing the issue in the article.
  • When using the field, do not use flag icons, as this places an unnecessary emphasis on nationality; see MOS:FLAG for a detailed rationale. Also, do not link to Cinema of XXXX; see WorldHeritage:EGG.
language Insert the language primarily used in the film. Databases often give every language spoken within the film, even if they only reflect a few lines in the overall script. The BBFC website is a good resource for the main language used in the film. Only in rare cases of clearly bilingual or multilingual films, enter separate entries with a line break (
). In the case of a single language without any additional text, it will automatically link to the language article (and the film article will also be put automatically in the category concerned). In other cases, give the wikitext for the desired linked text.

Note: inserting "English" will not automatically link to English language. This has been done intentionally because readers of the English WorldHeritage are already familiar with the language and no benefit is added by placing a link to it. Please do not override this by inserting .

budget Insert the approximate production budget of the film. This is the cost of the actual filming, and does not include marketing/promotional costs (e.g. advertisements, commercials, posters). Budget figures can be found at Box Office Mojo and The Numbers, with the latter usually listing a mainstream website as the main source of the budget, such as the Los Angeles Times, Variety, etc. Such websites are preferred to cite as a reference, if possible. If there are conflicting estimates, do not cherry-pick; list each estimate either as an individual value or as a number range.
gross Insert the worldwide gross revenue accrued by the film in its theatrical run (home media sales should instead be covered in the article body). This information is available for most pictures at Box Office Mojo and The Numbers. If worldwide gross is not available, then indicate which region has grossed that amount. Use condensed, rounded values ($22.4 million vs $22,392,684). Precise values should be used where stable and appropriate to the context, or significant in themselves for some special reason. (See also: MOS:LARGENUM and .)

Examples

Plan 9 from Outer Space
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Edward D. Wood, Jr.
Produced by J. Edward Reynolds
Written by Edward D. Wood, Jr.
Starring
Narrated by The Amazing Criswell
Music by Gordon Zahler
Cinematography William C. Thompson
Edited by Edward D. Wood, Jr.
Distributed by Distributors Corporation of America
Release dates
  • July 1959 (1959-07)
Running time
79 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $60,000

| producer = J. Edward Reynolds
| writer = Edward D. Wood, Jr.
| starring = 
* 
* 
* 

| narrator = 
| music = Gordon Zahler 
| cinematography = 
| editing = Edward D. Wood, Jr.
| distributor = Distributors Corporation of America
| released = 
| runtime = 79 minutes
| country = United States
| language = English
| budget = $60,000
}}

Image

Ideally, an image of the film's original theatrical release poster should be uploaded and added to the infobox to serve as an identifying image for the article. Poster images can be found at websites such as Internet Movie Poster Awards or Internet Movie Poster Database. If a poster image cannot be found for the film, or if the film did not have a theatrical release, then a cover image of the film's display case (VHS, DVD, etc.) may be used instead. Cover images can be found at commercial websites such as Amazon.com or Amazon.co.uk. In the absence of an appropriate poster or cover image, a screenshot of the film's title card may also be used. When replacing an existing image, upload the new image over the old image (where possible), and update the relevant details on the image description page. See to learn about the appropriate use of copyrighted images (such as most poster images) on WorldHeritage, and see to find instructions for uploading an image.

Once uploaded, place the file name of the image, e.g., FILM TITLE poster.jpg (or a similar description), in the image= field of the infobox, but do not include the Image: part of the file name. The caption= field should describe the image, i.e., identifying it as "Theatrical release poster" or "DVD cover"; repeating the title of the film here is not necessary. Below is an example of how to use the fields:

| name = FILM TITLE
| image = FILM TITLE poster.jpg
| caption = Theatrical release poster

Credits

Credits in the infobox should not be retrospectively altered to accommodate name changes at a later date. A person should be credited by the name they were using professionally at the time the film was made.

Release dates

The film infobox is too small to reproduce the long lists of release dates provided by sources such as the Internet Movie Database. Release dates should therefore be restricted to the film's earliest release, whether it was at a film festival, a world premiere, or a public release, and the release date(s) in the country or countries that produced the film, excluding sneak previews or screenings. should be used for the film's release dates. If other release dates are found to be notable, it may be appropriate to include them in the main body of the article (example).

Release dates for straight-to-video and television films should follow the preceding guideline for home releases and airings, respectively.

Some editors like to use flag icons instead of country names. This should be avoided, as flags are less recognizable than country names. See for a more detailed rationale.

Distributor

Using the same rationale as the release date, the distributor(s) should be restricted to the country or countries that produced the film and (if different) the country where the film is first released. If there are only two distributors in total (a domestic and foreign) then include both of them.

IMDb, AllMovie and other external links

When this infobox template was first created in December 2004, one of the parameters created an external link to the Internet Movie Database (IMDb). Irrespective of the fact that IMDb is not used as a for content in WorldHeritage articles, it still is a resource that many people, including editors and readers of WorldHeritage, often turn to.

In more recent years, additional external websites have become increasingly useful resources, including AllMovie, Box Office Mojo, British Film Institute, Metacritic, and Rotten Tomatoes. Also, modern films almost invariably have an official website. As a consequence, new external links were added to and removed from the infobox as on the subject.

Discussions about the fate of these links took place in numerous places over some time, with a number of people advocating removal of all external links from the infobox, if not the article as a whole. Others spoke of the value of having at least a link to IMDb in the infobox. Eventually, a far from undisputed consensus arose to remove all external links from the infobox and to move them to the External links section where appropriate in view of the .

Important points towards this included fact that the infobox could not include all of the available links and that it would be inappropriate to pick and choose one or a few of those links over others. Suggestions that losing access to the most useful of the available links (typically IMDb) would damage the usefulness of film articles were not found persuasive by many since such links could still be included in the External links section and the table of contents linking to the external links section having all of the useful external links is adjacent the infobox.

External links to resources such as the Internet Movie Database (IMDb), AllMovie and any official website are no longer included in this template. Nevertheless, these resources and others may be usefully added to the "External links" section of the article using the following templates:

A link to the official website, if any, may be created manually, or using the template.

Ratings

Like links to IMDb, statements of a film's rating(s) have been excluded from the infobox as consensus has shifted over the years. Mainly, there are simply too many ratings systems in English-speaking countries, let alone the world over. Further, these ratings systems rarely exactly agree, and a film's rating can change drastically over time as different editions of a film are released, and re-released, to theaters, broadcast, cable/satellite/streaming, and home media. Ratings information should be integrated into the film's article.

Country

According to the European Lumiere project, the value of this parameter is seldom found in the primary source (the film) and often involves original research:

"defining the nationality of a film is a complex task. There are no widely accepted international or even European definitions of the criteria to be used to determine the country of origin of a film. This is both a legal and a statistical problem. It is enlightening to compare the lists provided by the different national sources that we use: countries involved in a joint production are not always indicated (even when the main coproducer is from another country). Different national records - and the statistics on which they are based - can show the same film as having a whole range of nationalities." (from "Identification of Films in the Lumiere Database". European Audiovisual Observatory. 2006.)

Preceded by / Followed by

The "Preceded by" and "Followed by" parameters were removed on 16 February 2011. (See )

Microformat

The produced by this template includes an hCalendar microformat that makes event details readily parsable by computer programs. This aids tasks such as the cataloguing of articles and maintenance of databases. For more information about the use of microformats on WorldHeritage, please visit .
Classes used

The HTML classes this microformat uses include:

  • attendee
  • contact
  • description
  • dtend
  • dtstart
  • location
  • organiser
  • summary
  • url
  • vevent
Please do not rename or remove these classes
nor collapse nested elements which use them.

Controlling line-breaking in embedded bulletless lists

Template may be used with and to control line-breaking in bulletless lists embedded in the infobox (e.g. cast and other credits lists), to prevent wrapped long entries from being confused with multiple entries. See for details.

TemplateData

This is the documentation for this template used by and other tools.

TemplateData for Infobox film

{
        "description": "
Infobox film
is used to list at-a-glance comparative information about a particular motion picture.", "params": { "name": { "label": "common name", "type": "string", "default": "Infobox film", "description": "Insert the full common name of the film (default: Infobox film)" }, "image": { "label": "image file", "type": "string", "description": "Insert a relevant image for the film. Use only the file name as parameter, f.e. image=test.jpg" }, "alt": { "label": "alt text", "type": "string", "description": "Alt text for the image (see WP:ALT). A visually impaired reader will typically hear the alt text in place of the image" }, "caption": { "label": "image caption", "type": "string", "description": "Image caption with a brief description of the image content" }, "film name": { "label": "native title", "type": "string", "description": "Native film title. Should only be used, if the native title differs from the common film title" }, "director": { "label": "director", "type": "string", "description": "Insert the name(s) of the director(s), separated using
. Link each director to his/her appropriate article if possible" }, "producer": { "label": "producer", "type": "string", "description": "Insert the name(s) of the producer(s), separated using
. Link each producer to his/her appropriate article if possible. Only producer credits should be included, not executive or associate producers, etc." }, "writer": { "label": "writer (general)", "type": "string", "description": "Insert the name(s) of writer(s), which are credited under 'Written by', separated using
. Link each writer to his/her appropriate article if possible. If the film divides between screenplay and story writer, leave this field empty" }, "screenplay": { "label": "writer (screenplay)", "type": "string", "description": "Insert the name(s) of screenplay writer(s), if the film divides credits between screenplay and story writer, separated using
. Link each writer to his/her appropriate article if possible" }, "story": { "label": "writer (story)", "type": "string", "description": "Insert the name(s) of story writer(s), if the film divides credits between screenplay and story writer, separated using
. Link each writer to his/her appropriate article if possible" }, "based on": { "label": "based on (sources)", "type": "string", "description": "Insert the title of the source material and the name(s) of the source material writer(s). Use this field in conjunction with screenplay and story where applicable (i.e. \"Screen story\") if films are based on previously produced or published material, such as books, plays, articles, old screenplays etc. Use }
by } or similar formatting where possible. Do not use this field where the source material is ambiguous." }, "starring": { "label": "starring", "type": "string", "description": "Insert the names of the actors as they are listed in the billing block of the poster for the film's original theatrical release, separated by
. Do not add non-notable or uncredited actors and avoid filler text such as 'with' or 'featuring'" }, "narrator": { "label": "narrator", "type": "string", "description": "Insert the name(s) of the narrator(s), separated using
. Link each narrator to his/her appropriate article if possible. Note: exclude narrators, which are also actors with a role in the film" }, "music": { "label": "music composer", "type": "string", "description": "Insert the name(s) of composer(s) of the original music, separated using
. Link each composer to his/her appropriate article if possible" }, "cinematography": { "label": "cinematography", "type": "string", "description": "Insert the name(s) of the cinematographers, separated using
. Link each cinematographer to his/her appropriate article if possible" }, "editing": { "label": "editor", "type": "string", "description": "Insert the name(s) of the editor(s), separated using
. Listing 'additional editors' and 'supervising editors' may occasionally be appropriate, in which case add the tag '(add)' or '(sup)'. Link each editor to his/her article if possible" }, "studio": { "label": "production studio", "type": "string", "description": "Insert the company(s) that produced the film, separated using
. In addition, link each company to its appropriate article if possible" }, "distributor": { "label": "distributor", "type": "string", "description": "Insert the company name(s) of the distributor(s) that first released the film, separated using
. In addition, link each distributor to its appropriate article if possible" }, "released": { "label": "release dates", "type": "string", "description": "Insert only the most relevant release date(s) of the film, separated using
. Use
* () * * * *
. See #Release dates for additional guidelines" }, "runtime": { "label": "film duration", "type": "number", "description": "Insert an approximate time duration of the film in minutes. Do not link to minute. The BBFC website is a good resource - the running time is given to the second, so round it to the minute" }, "country": { "label": "country", "type": "string", "description": "Country(s) of production or 'country', depending on sources. Do not use flag icons. See template documentation for more usage information, especially on disputed cases" }, "language": { "label": "primary language", "type": "string", "description": "Only specify the language 'primarily' used in the film. Single language values will automatically link and categorize to this language" }, "budget": { "label": "production budget", "type": "number", "description": "Insert approximate production budget excluding marketing and promotion. In case of conflicting reliable sources, list all values or an appropriate value range. For more information see the template documentation" }, "gross": { "label": "worldwide gross revenue", "type": "number", "description": "Insert the worldwide gross revenue accrued by the film. This information is available for most pictures at Box Office Mojo and The Numbers. If worldwide gross is not available, then indicate which region has grossed that amount. Use condensed, rounded values ($22.4 million vs $22,392,684). Precise values should be used where stable and appropriate to the context, or significant in themselves for some special reason. (See also: MOS:LARGENUM)" }, "italic title": { "label": "italicize title", "type": "string", "description": "set 'italic title=no' if the title of the article should not be automatically italicised (for instance, if the title has a disambiguation clause). 'italic title=force' enforces an italicised title" } } }

See also

Hidden tracking/maintenance categories

Notes

  1. ^ The original poster is also called the 'one sheet' and is the ideal source for this information. Usually the principal credits are listed at the bottom in block letters.
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