World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Being There

Article Id: WHEBN0000164376
Reproduction Date:

Title: Being There  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 37th Golden Globe Awards, Melvyn Douglas, 1979 National Society of Film Critics Awards, 1979 New York Film Critics Circle Awards, Jerzy Kosiński
Collection: 1970S Comedy-Drama Films, 1979 Films, American Black Comedy Films, American Comedy-Drama Films, American Films, American Independent Films, American Political Satire Films, English-Language Films, Film Scores by Johnny Mandel, Films About Television, Films Based on American Novels, Films Based on Novels, Films Directed by Hal Ashby, Films Featuring a Best Musical or Comedy Actor Golden Globe Winning Performance, Films Featuring a Best Supporting Actor Academy Award Winning Performance, Films Featuring a Best Supporting Actor Golden Globe Winning Performance, Films Set in Country Houses, Films Set in North Carolina, Films Set in Washington, D.C., Films Shot in North Carolina, Films Whose Writer Won the Best Screenplay Bafta Award, United Artists Films
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Being There

Being There
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Hal Ashby
Produced by Andrew Braunsberg
Screenplay by Jerzy Kosinski
Uncredited:
Robert C. Jones
Based on Being There 
by Jerzy Kosinski
Starring Peter Sellers
Shirley MacLaine
Jack Warden
Melvyn Douglas
Richard Dysart
Richard Basehart
Music by Johnny Mandel
Cinematography Caleb Deschanel
Edited by Don Zimmerman
Production
company
Distributed by United Artists
Release dates
  • December 19, 1979 (1979-12-19)
Running time
130 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Box office $30.1 million[1]

Being There is a 1979 American comedy-drama film directed by Hal Ashby. Adapted from the 1970 novella by Jerzy Kosinski, the screenplay was written by Kosinski and the uncredited Robert C. Jones. The film stars Peter Sellers, Shirley MacLaine, Melvyn Douglas, Jack Warden, Richard A. Dysart, and Richard Basehart.

Douglas won the Academy Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role and Sellers was nominated for Best Actor in a Leading Role.[2] The screenplay won the 1981 British Academy of Film and Television Arts (Film) Best Screenplay Award and the 1980 Writers Guild of America Award (Screen) for Best Comedy Adapted from Another Medium. It was also nominated for the 1980 Golden Globe Award for Best Screenplay.

Being There was the last film featuring Sellers to be released in his lifetime. The making of the film is portrayed in The Life and Death of Peter Sellers, a biographical film of Sellers' life.

Contents

  • Plot 1
  • Cast 2
  • Filming 3
  • Music 4
  • Reception 5
  • Home media 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Plot

Chance (Peter Sellers) is a middle-aged man who lives in the townhouse of an old, wealthy man in Washington, D.C. He is simple-minded and has lived there his whole life, tending the garden. Other than gardening, his knowledge is derived entirely from what he sees on television. When his benefactor dies, Chance naively says he has no claim against the estate, and is ordered to move out. Thus he discovers the outside world for the first time.

Chance wanders aimlessly. He passes by a TV shop and sees himself captured by a camera in the shop window. Entranced, he steps backward off the sidewalk and is struck by a chauffeured car owned by Ben Rand (Melvyn Douglas), an elderly business mogul. In the back seat of the car sits Rand's wife, Eve (Shirley MacLaine).

Eve brings Chance to their home to recover. Drinking alcohol for the first time during the car ride home, Chance coughs as he tells Eve his name. Eve mishears "Chance, the gardener" as "Chauncey Gardiner". Chance is wearing expensive tailored clothes from the 1920s and '30s, which his benefactor had allowed him to take from the attic, and his manners are old-fashioned and courtly. When Ben Rand meets him, he assumes from these signs that Chance is an upper-class, highly educated businessman. Chance's simple words, spoken often due to confusion or to a stating of the obvious, are repeatedly misunderstood as profound; in particular, his simplistic utterances about gardens and the weather are interpreted as allegorical statements about business and the state of the economy. Rand admires him, finding him direct and insightful.

Rand is also a confidant and adviser to the President of the United States, (Jack Warden), whom he introduces to "Chauncey". The President likewise interprets Chance's remarks about the garden as economic and political advice. Chance, as Chauncey Gardiner, quickly rises to national public prominence. After his appearance on a television talk show, he becomes a celebrity and soon rises to the top of Washington society. He remains very mysterious, as the Secret Service is unable to find any background information about him. Public opinion polls start to reflect just how much his "simple brand of wisdom" resonates with the jaded American public.

Rand, dying of aplastic anemia, encourages Eve to become close to Chance. She is already attracted to him and makes a sexual advance. Chance has no interest in or knowledge of sex, but mimics a kissing scene that happens to be on the TV just then. When the TV scene ends, Chance stops suddenly and Eve is confused. She asks what he likes, meaning sexually; he replies "I like to watch", meaning television. She is momentarily taken aback, but decides she is willing to masturbate for his voyeuristic pleasure. As she becomes involved in the act, she does not notice that he has turned back to the TV and is watching it, not her.

Chance is present at Rand's passing, after which he talks briefly with Rand's physician, Dr. Allenby. During their conversation, Allenby realizes the truth - that Chance is merely a simpleminded gardener who knows nothing of finance or politics - but does not appear bothered by it. At Rand's funeral, while the President delivers a speech, the pall-bearers hold a whispered discussion over potential replacements for the President in the next term of office. As Rand's coffin is about to be interred in the family mausoleum, they unanimously agree on "Chauncey Gardiner".

Oblivious of all this, Chance wanders through Rand's wintry estate. He straightens out a pine sapling and then walks off across the surface of a small lake. He pauses, dips his umbrella into the deep water under his feet as if testing its depth, turns, and then continues to walk on the water as the President quotes Rand: "Life is a state of mind."

Cast

Filming

Principal filming occurred at the Biltmore Estate, the largest private home in America, located in Asheville, North Carolina.[3]

Melvyn Douglas's granddaughter, Illeana, had a chance to visit the set and got to meet Peter Sellers, whom she considers to be her favorite actor. She has since credited the film for inspiring her to pursue a career in acting. According to Illeana, Sellers and Douglas had known each other since the 1940s when they first met in Burma during World War II. They often reminisced about the war days while on the set.[4]

Sellers found it hard to act during the masturbation scene because he found Shirley MacLaine really attractive.[4] The masturbation scene also served as the reason why Laurence Olivier turned down the role of Ben Rand.[5][6]

According to MacLaine, "(Peter) believed he was Chauncey. He never had lunch with me... He was Chauncey Gardiner the whole shoot, but believing he was having a love affair with me."[7]

Music

Incidental music is used very sparingly. What little original music is used was composed by Johnny Mandel, and primarily features two recurrent piano themes based on "Gnossiennes" No. 4 and No. 5 by Erik Satie. The other major piece of music used is the Eumir Deodato jazz/funk arrangement of the opening fanfare from Also Sprach Zarathustra by Richard Strauss.[8]

Mandel was also assisted by his late cousin and fellow composer Miles Goodman with the orchestration of the film.[9][10][11][12][13]

Reception

The film opened to positive reviews and helped revitalize Sellers' comic career after he had starred in many movie flops, except for the Pink Panther movies. Film critic Roger Ebert mentions the final scene in his 2005 book The Great Movies II (p. 52),[14] stating that his film students once suggested that Chance may be walking on a submerged pier. Ebert writes, "The movie presents us with an image, and while you may discuss the meaning of the image, it is not permitted to devise explanations for it. Since Ashby does not show a pier, there is no pier — a movie is exactly what it shows us, and nothing more."[15]

Sellers won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy for his performance in Being There. He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor as well at the 52nd Academy Awards, but he lost to Dustin Hoffman in Kramer vs. Kramer.

Melvyn Douglas won his second Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, and Golden Globe Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role for his performance.[16][17]

The credits at the film's end roll over an outtake, known as the "Rafael outtake." Sellers was later displeased that the outtake ran because he believed it took away from Chauncey's mystique.[18] He also believed the outtake was what prevented him from winning the Oscar.[4][19]

The film is ranked number 26 on the AFI's 100 Years…100 Laughs list, a list released by the American Film Institute in 2000 of the top 100 funniest films in American cinema.[20]

Home media

A 30th Anniversary Edition was released on DVD and Blu-ray on February 2009.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Being There, Box Office Information".  
  2. ^ "The 52nd Academy Awards (1980) Nominees and Winners". SAMPAS. 
  3. ^ Henion, Leigh Ann (March 2011). "A Behind-the-Scenes Visit to Biltmore".  
  4. ^ a b c d Vigil, Delfin (15 February 2009). "'"Illeana Douglas inspired by Melvyn's 'Being There.  
  5. ^ Mell, Eila (2005). Casting Might-Have-Beens: A Film by Film Directory of Actors Considered for Roles Given to Others. McFarland.  
  6. ^ Dawson, Nick (2009). Being Hal Ashby: Life of a Hollywood Rebel. University Press of Kentucky.  
  7. ^ Shirley MacLaine On What Peter Sellers Was Really Like on YouTube
  8. ^ Stoehr, Ingo Roland (2001). German Literature of the Twentieth Century: From Aestheticism to Postmodernism. Boydell & Brewer.  
  9. ^ "Miles Goodman, 47, Composer for Films".  
  10. ^ Jablon, Robert (18 August 1996). "MILES GOODMAN, FILM COMPOSER AND JAZZ RECORD PRODUCER, DIES".  
  11. ^ Oliver, Myrna (20 August 1996). "Miles Goodman; Record Producer, Film Composer".  
  12. ^ "Miles Goodman: Composer". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. 22 August 1996. Retrieved 25 March 2015. 
  13. ^ "Record producer, composer Miles Goodman dies at 47".  
  14. ^  
  15. ^ Ebert, Roger (May 25, 1997). "Being There review".  
  16. ^ Flint, Peter B. (5 August 1981). "MELVYN DOUGLAS DEAD; ACTOR, 80, WON 2 OSCARS".  
  17. ^ Reid, Joe (24 February 2014). "The Oscar Ballot Explained: Best Supporting Actor/Actress". Retrieved 12 May 2015. 
  18. ^ Kim, Wook (26 November 2012). "After ‘The End’: 10 Memorable End-Credit Scenes".  
  19. ^ Dawson, Nick (2009). Being Hal Ashby: Life of a Hollywood Rebel. University Press of Kentucky.  
  20. ^ "100 Years…100 Laughs".  
Bibliography
  • Finkelstein, Joanne (2007). The Art of Self Invention: Image and Identity in Popular Visual Culture. I.B. Tauris. pp. 9, 98–99.  
  • Neupert, Richard (1995). The End: Narration and Closure in the Cinema. Wayne State University Press.  
  • Nichols, Peter M.; A. O. Scott; Vincent Canby (2004). The New York Times Guide to the Best 1,000 Movies Ever Made. Macmillan. pp. 93–94.  
  • Sikov, Ed (2002). Mr. Strangelove: A Biography of Peter Sellers. Hyperion.  
  • Tichi, Cecelia (1991). Electronic Hearth: Creating an American Television Culture. Oxford University Press.  

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from School eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.