World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Eldridge Street Synagogue

Article Id: WHEBN0002976321
Reproduction Date:

Title: Eldridge Street Synagogue  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Lower East Side, Beth Hamedrash Hagodol, First Roumanian-American Congregation, Russian-Jewish culture in New York City, History museums in New York City
Collection: 19Th-Century Synagogues, History Museums in New York City, Jewish Museums in New York, Lower East Side, Moorish Revival Architecture in New York, Moorish Revival Synagogues, Museums in Manhattan, National Historic Landmarks in New York City, Orthodox Synagogues in New York City, Properties of Religious Function on the National Register of Historic Places in Manhattan, Religious Buildings Completed in 1887, Russian-Jewish Culture in New York City, Society Museums in New York, Synagogues in Manhattan, Synagogues on the National Register of Historic Places, Synagogues Preserved as Museums
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Eldridge Street Synagogue

Eldridge Street Synagogue
Location 12 Eldridge Street, Manhattan, New York City
Built 1887
Architect Peter and Francis William Herter
Architectural style Moorish Revival
NRHP Reference # 80002687
Significant dates
Added to NRHP March 28, 1980[1]
Designated NHL June 19, 1996[2][3]
Designated NYCL July 8, 1980

The Eldridge Street Synagogue, built in 1887, is a National Historic Landmark synagogue in Manhattan's Chinatown neighborhood.


  • History 1
  • Renovation and reopening 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


The Eldridge Street Synagogue is one of the first synagogues erected in the United States by Eastern European Jews (Ashkenazis).[4][5][6] One of the founders was Rabbi Eliahu the Blessed (Borok), formerly the Head Rabbi of St. Petersburg, Russia. It opened at 12 Eldridge Street in New York's Lower East Side in 1887 serving Congregation Kahal Adath Jeshurun. The building was designed by the architects Peter and Francis William Herter, (but unrelated to the Herter Brothers cabinet-makers). The brothers subsequently received many commissions in the Lower East Side and incorporated elements from the synagogue, such as the stars of David, in their buildings, mainly tenements.[3] When completed, the synagogue was reviewed in the local press. Writers marveled at the imposing Moorish Revival building, with its 70-foot-high vaulted ceiling, magnificent stained-glass rose windows, elaborate brass fixtures and hand-stenciled walls.

Thousands participated in religious services in the building's heyday, from its opening through the 1920s. On High Holidays, police were stationed in the street to control the crowds. Rabbis of the congregation included the famed Rabbi Abraham Aharon Yudelovich, author of many works of Torah scholarship. Throughout these decades the Synagogue functioned not only as a house of worship but as an agency for acculturation, a place to welcome new Americans. Before the settlement houses were established and long afterward, poor people could come to be fed, secure a loan, learn about job and housing opportunities, and make arrangements to care for the sick and the dying. The Synagogue was, in this sense, a mutual aid society.

For fifty years, the Eldridge Street Synagogue flourished. Then membership began to dwindle as members moved to other areas, immigration quotas limited the number of new arrivals, and the Great Depression affected the congregants' fortunes. The exquisite main sanctuary was used less and less from the 1930s on. By the 1950s, with the rain leaking in and inner stairs unsound, the congregants cordoned off the sanctuary.

Without the resources needed to heat and maintain the sanctuary, they chose to worship downstairs in the more intimate house of study (Beth Midrash). The main sanctuary remained empty for twenty-five years, from approximately 1955 to 1980. In 1986 the non-sectarian, not-for-profit Eldridge Street Project was founded to restore the synagogue and renew it with educational and cultural programs. Paul P. E. Bookson, a former State Senator and Civil Court Justice, was instrumental in maintaining the Orthodox Religious services at the Eldridge Street Synagogue and its building restoration.

Renovated Eldridge Street Synagogue front facade, 2012

Renovation and reopening

On December 2, 2007, after 20 years of renovation work that cost US$20 million,[7] the Eldridge Street Project completed the restoration and opened to the public as the Museum at Eldridge Street, reflecting its cultural and educational mission, within the Eldridge Street Synagogue building. The museum offers informative tours that relate to American Jewish history, the history of the Lower East Side and immigration. Occasionally, Jewish religious events are celebrated there, though not in the former main sanctuary.[8]

The effort to return the sanctuary to its Victorian splendor, while maintaining the idiosyncrasies of the original aesthetic and preserving patina of age, included plaster consolidation and replication of ornamental plaster elements, over-paint removal, conservation, in-painting replication of stenciling, wood finishing and decorative painting including: faux-woodgraining, marbleizing, and gilding by skilled craftsmen.[9]

The Orthodox Congregation Kahal Adath Jeshurun continues to meet for evening services in the Beth Midrash and daytime services in the main sanctuary; Kahal Adath Jeshurun has never missed a Saturday or holiday service since the synagogue first opened.[10]

The Eldridge Street Synagogue was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1996.[2][3]

See also



  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  2. ^ a b "Eldridge Street Synagogue". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. September 11, 2007. 
  3. ^ a b c Newman, Renee; Schlanger, Maria; Waterman, Amy E. (1983). "National Historic Landmark Nomination: Eldridge Street Synagogue" (pdf). National Park Service. 
  4. ^ New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission; Postal, Matthew A. (ed. and text); Dolkart, Andrew S. (text). (2009) Guide to New York City Landmarks (4th ed.) New York: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-470-28963-1, p.45
  5. ^ Dunlap, David W. From Abyssinian to Zion. (2004) New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-12543-7, pp. 60-61
  6. ^  , p.100
  7. ^ Rothstein, Edward (December 1, 2007). "Return of a Long-Dormant Island of Grace".  
  8. ^ Historic New York synagogue celebrates $20M restoration - Haaretz - Israel News
  9. ^ Cole, Diane, "Joy on Eldridge Street", Preservation Magazine Volume 60, Number 2, March / April 2008, p. 56.
  10. ^ "History". Museum at Eldridge Street. Retrieved March 15, 2015. 


  • Polland, Annie. Landmark of the Spirit; The Eldridge Street Synagogue,, Yale University Press, 2009

External links

  • Museum at Eldridge Street - official website
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from School eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.