World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Gertrude Sanford Legendre

Article Id: WHEBN0008949435
Reproduction Date:

Title: Gertrude Sanford Legendre  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Legendre, Foxcroft School, Holiday (1938 film), World War II prisoners of war held by Germany, Index of World War II articles (G)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Gertrude Sanford Legendre

Gertrude Sanford Legendre
Gertrude Sanford (William Orpen, 1922)
Born Gertrude Ellen Sanford
(1902-03-29)29 March 1902
Aiken, South Carolina
Died 8 March 2000(2000-03-08) (aged 97)
Berkeley County, South Carolina
Resting place
Medway
Citizenship U.S.A.
Known for Hunter, spy, socialite
Spouse(s) Sidney J. Legendre
(1903–1948)
Children Bokara Legendre
Landine Legendre

Gertrude Sanford Legendre (1902–2000) was an American socialite who served as a spy during World War II. She was also a noted explorer, big-game hunter, environmentalist, and owner of Medway plantation in South Carolina.

Early life

Born in Aiken, South Carolina, she was the daughter of New York rug magnate and member of the United States House of Representatives from New York's 20th congressional district, John Sanford (1851), and the granddaughter of Sarah Jane Cochrane (1830–1901) and Stephen Sanford (1826–1913), an American businessman and president and CEO of the Bigelow-Sanford Carpet Company, who also served as a member of the United States House of Representatives from New York's 18th congressional district.

She was also the daughter of Ethel Sanford, the daughter of Gertrude Ellen Dupuy and the Hon. Henry Shelton Sanford, an accomplished diplomat and successful businessman and the founder of Sanford, Florida.[1][2]

She was educated at the Foxcroft School in Middleburg, Virginia, and made her debut after her graduation in 1920.

During World War II, Legendre worked for the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) Message Center in London, England, under David K. E. Bruce. On 26 September 1944, she was the first American woman captured on the western front in France by the Germans. Legendre was held for six months and then escaped into Switzerland.

She spent 1923 to 1929 travelling the world as a big-game hunter in South Africa, Canada, and Alaska.

Shortly after exploring Abyssinia for the American Museum of Natural History as part of the Sanford-Legendre Abyssinia Expedition, Gertrude Sanford married the expedition's co-leader Sidney J. Legendre on 17 September 1929; he died in 1948.[3][4] They had two daughters, Bokara and Landine. Landine was married to Peter Manigault, chairman of The Evening Post Publishing Company in Charleston, South Carolina.[5]

Katharine Hepburn’s character of Linda Seton in the 1938 version of Holiday was loosely based on her. She lived to be 97 and wrote two autobiographies, one in 1948 and another in 1987.[6] Regarding the trajectory of her life, she once said, "I don't contemplate life. I live it.".[7]

References

  1. ^ Siemiatkoski, Donna H (1990). The Descendents of Governor Thomas Welles of Connecticut, 1590-1658, and His Wife, Alice Tomes. Gateway Press. 
  2. ^ Sanford Historical Society, "General Henry S. Sanford." http://sanfordhistory.tripod.com/id18.html
  3. ^ Shavit, David (1990). The United States in Asia: a historical dictionary. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 300.  
  4. ^ "Gertrude Sanford, Explorer, To Marry" The New York Times, 20 August 1929
  5. ^ A Life Less Ordinary: The Legendary Adventures of Lowcountry Socialite Gertrude Legendre, Charleston Magazine, October 2005, pp. 70-74.
  6. ^ Nemy, Enid (March 13, 2000). "Gertrude Sanford Legendre, 97, Socialite Turned Hunter and Prisoner of War". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-04-30. 
  7. ^ Deadly prose - Salon.com

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from School eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.