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James Moroka

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Subject: Albert Lutuli, Suppression of Communism Act, 1950, Order of Luthuli, Rolong tribe, History of the African National Congress, Nelson Mandela
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James Moroka

James Moroka
President of the African National Congress
In office
Preceded by Alfred Xuma
Succeeded by Albert Luthuli
Personal details
Born 16 March 1891
Thaba Nchu, Orange Free State
Died November 10, 1985(1985-11-10)
Political party African National Congress
Occupation Medical doctor

James Sebe Moroka, OLG (16 March 1891 – 10 November 1985) was a medical doctor and a politician, who was the president of the African National Congress 1949–1952.[1]

Moroka was elected as the president of the ANC by the support of the African National Congress Youth League and its leaders Walter Sisulu and Nelson Mandela in December 1949. During Moroka's presidency, the ANC started to implement more militant tactics in fighting the country's Apartheid regime.[1]

In 1952 Moroka was convicted of "statutory communism" according to the Suppression of Communism Act with 20 other defendants.[2] During the trial Moroka pleaded for mitigation and rejected ANC's principles of racial equality and was soon expelled from the party.[3]


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