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Kawartha Lakes, Ontario

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Kawartha Lakes, Ontario

This article is about the city of Kawartha Lakes. For the geographical lakes of the same name, see Kawartha Lakes (Ontario).
Kawartha Lakes
Single-tier city

Kawartha Lakes city hall in Lindsay
Official logo of Kawartha Lakes
Logo
Motto: Catch the Kawartha Spirit.

Kawartha Lake's location within Ontario

Coordinates: 44°21′N 78°45′W / 44.350°N 78.750°W / 44.350; -78.750Coordinates: 44°21′N 78°45′W / 44.350°N 78.750°W / 44.350; -78.750

Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
County (historical) Victoria
Formed by political merger January 1, 2001
Seat Lindsay
Government
 • Mayor Ric McGee
 • Council City of Kawartha Lakes Council
 • MP Barry Devolin (CPC)
 • MPP Laurie Scott (PC)
Area[1]
 • Land 3,083.06 km2 (1,190.38 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 73,214
 • Density 23.7/km2 (61/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal Code beginning with K and L
Area code(s) 705
Website www.city.kawarthalakes.on.ca

The city of Kawartha Lakes (2011 population 73,214) is a unitary municipality in Central Ontario, Canada. Although called a city, Kawartha Lakes is the size of a typical Ontarian county and is mostly rural.

The main population centres are Bobcaygeon, Fenelon Falls, Lindsay, Omemee and Woodville.

History

The city's name comes from the name of the Kawartha lakes. The term Kawartha is an anglicization of the word Ka-wa-tha (from Ka-wa-tae-gum-maug or Gaa-waategamaag, meaning), a word coined in 1895 by aboriginal Martha Whetung of the Curve Lake First Nations. The word meant "land of reflections" in the Anishinaabe language, according to Whetung. The word was subsequently changed by tourism promoters to Kawartha, meaning "bright waters and happy lands."[2]

Prior to its restructuring as a city, the area was known as Victoria County. The city was created in 2001, during the ruling provincial Progressive Conservative party's "Common Sense Revolution". Through provincial legislation, the former Victoria County and its constituent municipalities were amalgamated into one entity named the City of Kawartha Lakes.

This act was implemented by The Victoria County Restructuring Commission, led by commissioner Harry Kitchen. Despite a general opposition from residents of the area, the provincial government pushed forward with the amalgamation,[3][4] which officially came into effect on January 1, 2001.[5]

By a narrow margin (51% for, 49% against), the citizens of Kawartha Lakes voted to de-amalgamate in a November 2003 local plebiscite, but the provincial and municipal governments have not taken any steps since the vote to initiate de-amalgamation.[4]

Demographics

Population trends

In 2011 census, the population of the Lindsay urban area was 20,354, up from 19,361 in 2006.[8]

Victoria County
Census Population Change (%)
1991 16,696 Increase22.8%
1981 13,596 Increase6.7%
1971 12,746 Increase11.8%
1961 11,399 Increase18.7%
1951 9,603 Increase15.1%
1941 8,345 Increase11.2%
1931 7,505 Decrease1.5%
1921 7,620 Increase9.4%
1911 6,964 Decrease0.6%
1901 7,003 Increase15.2%
1891 6,081 Increase19.7%
1881 5,080 Increase25.5%
1871 4,049 n/a

Census Division rankings

National rank in terms of population (2011): 74
Provincial rank in terms of population (2011): 34

Ethnocultural and racial statistics

Only ethnic groups that comprise greater than 1% of the population are included. Note that a person can report more than one group[9]

  • English: 45.2%
  • "Canadian": 35.0%
  • Irish: 27.6%
  • Scottish: 20.3%
  • French: 10.4%
  • German: 9.4%
  • Dutch: 6.3%
  • First Nations: 2.9%
  • Welsh: 2.6%
  • Polish: 2.2%
  • Italian: 2.2%
  • Ukrainian: 2.2%
  • British Isles (other): 2.0%
  • Hungarian: 1.0%
  • White 95.5% [10]
  • Native: 2.9%
  • Visible minority: 1.6%
Canada 2006 Census Population  % of Total Population
Visible minority group
Source:[11]
South Asian 365 0.5%
Chinese 95 0.1%
Black 250 0.3%
Filipino 55 0.1%
Latin American 70 0.1%
Arab 45 0.1%
Southeast Asian 20 0%
West Asian 0 0%
Korean 165 0.2%
Japanese 25 0%
Other visible minority 50 0.1%
Mixed visible minority 60 0.1%
Total visible minority population 1,195 1.6%
Aboriginal group
Source:[12]
First Nations 805 1.1%
Métis 420 0.6%
Inuit 0 0%
Total Aboriginal population 1,255 1.7%
White 70915 96.7%
Total population 73,365 100%

Communities

The following is a list of all the former incorporated villages, unincorporated hamlets and communities, and existing or abandoned rural post offices left desolate by the start of rural mail delivery.

  • Ancona Point
  • Argyle
  • Aros
  • Avery Point
  • Baddow
  • Baker Trail
  • Ballyduff
  • Barclay
  • Bellevue
  • Bethany
  • Bethel
  • Birch Point
  • Bobcaygeon
  • Bolsover
  • Brunswick
  • Burnt River
  • Burton
  • Bury's Green
  • Cambray
  • Cameron
  • Camp Kagawong
  • Campbells Beach
  • Coboconk
  • Corson's Siding
  • Cowan's Bay
  • Crawfords Beach
  • Cresswell
  • Crosshill
  • Cunningham's Corners
  • Dalrymple
  • Dartmoor (ghost town)
  • Daytonia Beach
  • Dongola
  • Downeyville
  • Dunsford
  • East Emily
  • Eldon
  • Fairburn Corner
  • Fee's Landing
  • Feir Mill
  • Fell Station
  • Fenelon Falls
  • Fingerboard
  • Fleetwood (ghost town)
  • Fleetwood Station
  • Fowlers Corners
  • Fox's Corners
  • Frank Hill
  • Franklin
  • Gilsons Point
  • Glamorgan
  • Glandine
  • Glenarm
  • Glenway Village
  • Grasshill
  • Greenhurst-Thurstonia
  • Hartley
  • Head Lake
  • Hickory Beach
  • Hillhead Corners
  • Horncastle (ghost town)
  • Isaacs Glen
  • Islay
  • Janetville
  • Joyvista Estates
  • Kenedon Park
  • Kennedy Bay
  • Kenrei Park
  • Kenstone Beach
  • Keystone Beach
  • King's Wharf
  • Kinmount
  • Kirkfield
  • Lake Dalrymple
  • Lancaster Bay
  • Lifford
  • Linden Valley
  • Lindsay
  • Little Britain, Ontario
  • Long Beach
  • Long Point
  • Lorneville
  • Lotus
  • MacKenzie Point
  • Mallards Bay
  • Manilla
  • Manvers
  • Mariposa Station
  • Mariposa
  • McCrackin's Beach
  • McGuire Beach
  • Mount Horeb (ghost town)
  • Newmans Beach
  • Norland
  • Oak Hill
  • Oakdene Point
  • Oakwood
  • O'Donnell Landing
  • Omemee
  • Orange Corners
  • Palestine
  • Pickerel Point
  • Pleasant Point
  • Pontypool
  • Port Hoover
  • Powles Corners
  • Ragged Rapids (ghost town)
  • Reaboro
  • Red Cap Beach
  • Rohallion
  • Rokeby
  • Rosedale
  • Sadowa
  • Sandy Point
  • Sebright
  • Silver Lake
  • Snug Harbour
  • Southview Estates
  • St. Mary's
  • Sturgeon Point
  • Sullivan's Bay
  • Sylvan Glen Beach
  • Taylor's Corners
  • Tracey's Hill
  • Union Creek
  • Uphill
  • Valentia
  • Verulam Park
  • Victoria Place
  • View Lake
  • Washburn Island
  • Watson's Siding
  • Woodville
  • Yelverton
  • Zion

Victoria County

Prior to 2001, Victoria County consisted of 13 separate townships and 6 incorporated villages with their own local governments:[13]

Townships

Population centres:

  • Bexley (Victoria Road, Coboconk)
  • Carden (Dalrymple)
  • Dalton (Sebright, Uphill, Sadowa)
  • Eldon (Glenarm, Kirkfield)
  • Emily (Downeyville, Fowlers Corners)
  • Fenelon (Cameron, Cambray, Powles Corners)
  • Laxton, Digby and Longford (Uphill, Norland)
  • Longford (largely uninhabited)
  • Manvers (Janetville, Bethany, Pontypool)
  • Mariposa (Oakwood, Little Britain, Manilla)
  • Ops (Reaboro)
  • Somerville (Coboconk, Kinmount)
  • Verulam (Dunsford, Bobcaygeon)

The township of Laxton, Digby and Longford is an amalgamation of the once individual townships of Digby and Laxton, and half of the original Longford Township. The separate township of Longford is uninhabited, though dotted with abandoned logging towns. In 2000, just prior to amalgamation into the city of Kawartha Lakes, the township of Verulam and the village of Bobcaygeon were amalgamated into the Municipality of Bobcaygeon/Verulam.[14]

Incorporated communities

Transportation

The following King's Highways pass through the city:

Highway 7B also exists entirely within the city, following the length of Kent Street through Lindsay, and cosigning with Highway 35 for 800 m.

Attractions

Protected areas

  • Queen Elizabeth II Wildlands Provincial Park
  • Balsam Lake Provincial Park
  • Indian Point Provincial Park
  • Emily Provincial Park
  • Pigeon River Headwaters Conservation Area
  • Fleetwood Creek Conservation Area
  • Windy Ridge Conservation Area
  • Ken Reid Conservation Area
  • Gamiing Nature Centre

Media

  • The Lindsay Post (established in Beaverton as The Canadian Post in 1857, moved to Lindsay in 1861)
  • Kawartha Lakes This Week (established as Lindsay This Week in 1977)
  • "Omemee Pigeon eFlyer" (established in 2011 to highlight rural news and events in the area between Lindsay and Peterborough) [16]
  • 91.9 BOB FM (CKLY-FM) transmits from Lindsay
  • CKLR - City of Kawartha Lakes Radio Broadcasts from Fenelon Falls[17]
  • CHEX-TV transmits on Channel 12 from Peterborough
  • 100.3 LIFE FM, transmitting at 89.3 from Peterborough

Surrounding counties

References

External links

  • City of Kawartha Lakes
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