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Kim Ki-duk

Kim Ki-duk
Korean name
Hangul 김기덕
Hanja 金基德
Revised Romanization Gim Gideok
McCune–Reischauer Kim Kidŏk

Kim Ki-duk (Hangul김기덕 Korean pronunciation: ; born December 20, 1960) is a South Korean filmmaker noted for his idiosyncratic "art-house" cinematic works. His films have received many distinctions in the festival circuit, making him one of the most important contemporary Asian film directors. Major festival awards include Golden Lion at 69th Venice International Film Festival for Pietà, Silver Lion for best director at 61st Venice International Film Festival for 3-Iron and Silver bear for best director at 54th Berlin International Film Festival for Samaria. His most widely known feature is Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter... and Spring (2003), included in film critic Roger Ebert's great movies and currently one of seven Asian movies to be listed in 250 top ranking movies on Internet Movie Database. He has given scripts to several of his former assistant directors including Juhn Jai-hong (Beautiful and Poongsan) and Jang Hoon (Rough Cut).


  • Life and career 1
  • Controversy 2
  • Filmography 3
    • Additional credits 3.1
  • International awards 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
    • Notes 6.1
    • Bibliography 6.2
  • External links 7

Life and career

Kim Ki-duk was born on December 20, 1960 in Bonghwa, North Gyeongsang Province, South Korea. He studied fine arts in Paris from 1990 to 1993. After returning to South Korea, Kim began his career as a screenwriter and won the first prize in a scenario contest held by Korean Film Council in 1995.[1] In the following year, Kim made his debut as a director with a low budget movie titled Crocodile (1996). The film received sensational reviews from movie critics in South Korea. His 2000 film Real Fiction was entered into the 23rd Moscow International Film Festival.[2]

In 2004, he received Best Director awards at two different film festivals, for two different films. At the Berlin International Film Festival, he was awarded for Samaritan Girl (2004), and at the Venice Film Festival he won for 3-Iron (also 2004). In 2011, his documentary film Arirang received an award for best film in the Un Certain Regard category from the Cannes Film Festival. In 2012, his film Pieta received the Golden Lion award at the Venice Film Festival, the first Korean film to receive a "best film" honor at one of the top three international film festivals - Venice, Berlin and Cannes.


The British Board of Film Classification delayed the release of Kim Ki-duk's The Isle (2000) in the United Kingdom because of instances of animal cruelty in the film. Concerning scenes in which a frog is skinned alive and fish are mutilated, the director stated, "We cooked all the fish we used in the film and ate them, expressing our appreciation. I've done a lot of cruelty on animals in my films. And I will have a guilty conscience for the rest of my life."[3]

To a U.S. interviewer who suggested that scenes such as these are "very disturbing and [seem] to place an obstacle to the films [sic] reception, or... distribution, to other countries", Kim said, "Yes, I did worry about that fact. But the way I see it, the food that we eat today is no different. In America you eat beef, pork, and kill all these animals. And the people who eat these animals are not concerned with their slaughter. Animals are part of this cycle of consumption. It looks more cruel onscreen, but I don't see the difference. And yes, there's a cultural difference, and maybe Americans will have a problem with it - but if they can just be more sensitive to what is acceptable in different countries I'd hope they wouldn't have too many issues with what's shown on-screen."[4]


Year English title Korean title Transliterated title
1996 Crocodile 악어 Ageo
Wild Animals 야생동물 보호구역 Yasaeng dongmul bohoguyeog
1998 Birdcage Inn 파란 대문 Paran daemun
2000 The Isle Seom
Real Fiction 실제 상황 Shilje sanghwang
2001 Address Unknown 수취인불명 Suchwiin bulmyeong
Bad Guy 나쁜 남자 Nabbeun namja
2002 The Coast Guard 해안선 Haeanseon
2003 Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter... and Spring 봄 여름 가을 겨울 그리고 봄 Bom yeoreum gaeul gyeoul geurigo bom
2004 Samaritan Girl 사마리아 Samaria
3-Iron 빈 집 Bin-jip
2005 The Bow Hwal
2006 Time 시간 Shigan
2007 Breath Soom
2008 Dream 비몽 Bimong
2011 Arirang 아리랑 Arirang
Amen 아멘 Ahmen
2012 Pietà 피에타 Pieta
2013 Moebius[5] 뫼비우스 Moebius
2014 One on One 일대일 Il-dae-il
2015 Stop 스톱 Seutop

Additional credits

International awards

See also



  1. ^ "Profile of Kim Ki-deok" (in Korean). Cine21,  
  2. ^ "23rd Moscow International Film Festival (2001)". MIFF. Retrieved 2013-03-30. 
  3. ^ Rose, Steve (2004-08-02). "'I've done a lot of cruelty to animals'". London:  
  4. ^ McKeague, Andy (2005-05-11). "An Interview with Kim Ki-Duk and Suh Jung on The Isle".  
  5. ^ "Kim Ki-Duk's MOEBIUS Reportedly First Film Selected For Venice Competition". Retrieved 2013-06-05. 
  • "KIM Ki-duk ( 김기덕 / 金基悳)". Korean Film Council. Retrieved 2007-11-24. 


  • Seveon, Julien (2003). "An Interview with Korean Director Kim Ki-duk". Asian Cult Cinema 38 (1st Quarter): pp.49–61. 
  • MARTONOVA, A. (2004) Contemporary Korean cinema - production, tradition and… Kim Ki-Duk. - In: The Plum Blossom. Papers from Korean Studies Conference, Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, Centre for Eastern Languages and Cultures, Sofia: Ex-M, p.129 – 151
  • MARTONOVA, (2012) A. To feel HAN (Arirang by Kim Ki-duk) // Kino, No.3, Sofia:p.49-47, ISSN 0861-4393 [Да чувстваш ХАН („Ариран” на Ким Ки-док). — Original title in Bulgarian]
  • MARTONOVA, A. (2007) The hieroglyph of cinema. Aesthetics and meaning in East Asia movies. Sofia: Panorama Publishing House, 242 pages, ISBN 978 954 9655 31 5 (in Bulgarian)

External links

  • Kim Ki-duk at the Internet Movie Database
  • Kim Ki-Duk: the past, the persistent problems and the near future About Kim Ki-Duk's 2006 controversial declarations
  • TimeReview of Kim Ki-duk's
  • Working Biography
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