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Maureen O'Hara

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Maureen O'Hara

Maureen O'Hara
O'Hara in 1947
Born Maureen FitzSimons
(1920-08-17)17 August 1920
Ranelagh, County Dublin, Ireland
Died 24 October 2015(2015-10-24) (aged 95)
Boise, Idaho, U.S.
Occupation Actress, singer
Years active
  • 1938–1973
  • 1991–2000
Religion Roman Catholic[1]
Spouse(s)
  • George H. Brown (m. 1939; ann. 1941)
  • Will Price (m. 1941; div. 1953)
  • Charles F. Blair, Jr. (m. 1968; wid. 1978)
Children Bronwyn FitzSimons (born Bronwyn Bridget Price; 30 June 1944)

Maureen O'Hara (born Maureen FitzSimons; 17 August 1920 – 24 October 2015) was an Irish-American actress and singer. The famously red-headed O'Hara was known for playing fiercely passionate but sensible heroines, and often worked with director John Ford and longtime friend John Wayne. She was one of the last surviving stars from the Golden Age of Hollywood.

From an early age, she wanted to become an actress and took lessons. She was given a screen test, which was deemed unsatisfactory, but Charles Laughton saw something in her when he later saw it. He arranged for her to co-star with him in the 1939 British film Jamaica Inn. She also co-starred with him in the Hollywood production of The Hunchback of Notre Dame, released the same year. From there, she went on to enjoy a long and highly successful career, and acquired the nickname "The Queen of Technicolor". She made a number of films with John Wayne – the actor with whom she is most closely associated – and director John Ford, often both together in the same production, including The Quiet Man (1952). She also starred in swashbucklers such as The Black Swan (1942), opposite Tyrone Power, and Sinbad the Sailor (1947), with Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., as well as the Christmas classic Miracle on 34th Street (1947), with John Payne, Natalie Wood, and Edmund Gwenn.

In November 2014, she was presented with an Honorary Academy Award with the inscription "To Maureen O'Hara, one of Hollywood's brightest stars, whose inspiring performances glowed with passion, warmth and strength". After Myrna Loy, O'Hara was only the second actress to receive an Academy Award for acting without having been nominated previously. Her autobiography, 'Tis Herself, was published in 2004 and was a New York Times Bestseller.

Contents

  • Early life and education 1
  • Film career 2
    • Early career (1938–1940) 2.1
    • Hollywood stardom (1941–49) 2.2
    • John Ford, John Wayne and westerns (1950–1971) 2.3
  • Singing and theatre 3
  • Personal life and death 4
  • Achievements and activities 5
  • Filmography 6
  • Notes 7
  • References 8
  • Sources 9
  • External links 10

Early life and education

O'Hara began life as Maureen FitzSimons on Beechwood Avenue in the Dublin suburb of Ranelagh[2] and attended a school in Milltown, Dublin. She was the second oldest of six children of Charles and Marguerite (nėe Lilburn) FitzSimons, and the only red headed sibling in the family.[3] Her father was in the clothing business and also bought into Shamrock Rovers Football Club,[4] a team O'Hara supported from childhood.[5] She inherited her beauty and singing voice from her mother,[3] a former operatic contralto and successful women's clothier. Her siblings were Peggy, the oldest, and younger Charles, Florrie, Margot, and Jimmy. Peggy dedicated her life to a religious order, becoming a Sister of Charity. The younger children all received training at the Abbey Theatre and the Ena Mary Burke School of Drama and Elocution in Dublin.

O'Hara was a tom boy who would play boys games and climb WAtrees as a girl.[3] She first attended the John Street West Girls' School near Thomas Street in Dublin's Liberties Area.[2] From the age of 6 to 17, she trained in drama, music and dance, and at the age of 10 joined the Rathmines Theatre Company and worked in amateur theatre in the evenings after her lessons.[2] O'Hara's dream at this time was to be a stage actress. She trained as a shorthand typist and book keeper, and later put her skills to use when she typed the script of The Quiet Man for John Ford. At the age of 15 she won the first Dramatic Prize of the national competition of the performing arts.[3]

Film career

Early career (1938–1940)

"On the screen was a girl. She looked at least 35, she was over done up... very made up face, and her hair in an over grand style, but just for a split perfect second light was on her face and you could see as the girl turned her head around your extraordinarily beautiful profile, which was absolutely invisible among all your makeup. Well Mr. Pommer and I sent for you and you came and blew into the office like a hurricane. You had a tweed suit on with hair sticking out and coming from Ireland. You blew into the office and said [in Irish accent] "Watchya want with me". I took you out for lunch and I never forgot when I asked you why you wanted to be an actress. I'll never forget your reply. You said "When I was a child I used to go down the garden, talk to the flowers and pretend I was the flower talking back to myself. And you had to be a pretty nice girl and had to be a pretty good actress too. And heavens knows you're both".

—Charles Laughton addressing O'Hara with his fond memories of spotting her at the age of 17.[3]

O'Hara did well in her Abbey training and was given an opportunity for a screen test in London at the age of 17.[3] The studio adorned her in a "gold lamé dress with flapping sleeves like wings"[6] and heavy makeup with an ornate hair style. The screen test was deemed to be far from satisfactory; however, actor Charles Laughton later saw the test and, despite the overdone makeup and costume, was intrigued, paying particular notice to her large and expressive eyes.[2] Laughton subsequently asked his business partner Erich Pommer to see the film clip. Pommer agreed with Laughton and O'Hara was offered an initial seven-year contract with their new company, Mayflower Pictures.[7] O'Hara later stated that "I owe my whole career to Mr. Pommer".[3]

O'Hara made her screen debut in Walter Forde's Kicking the Moon Around (1938), which she didn't consider part of her filmography. Harry Richman had introduced her to Forde at Elstree Studios, but as she was not cast in the film in a notable role, she agreed to deliver one line in it as a favor to Richman for helping with her screen test.[2] Laughton arranged for her to appear in the low budget musical My Irish Molly (1938), the only film she made under her real name, Maureen FitzSimons. In the film she plays a woman named Eiléen O'Shea who rescues an orphan girl named Molly.[2] Her first major film role followed with Jamaica Inn (1939), directed by Alfred Hitchcock and co-starring Laughton.[8] O'Hara portrayed the innkeeper's niece, a heroine which she describes as "torn between the love of her family and her love for a lawman in disguise". Laughton insisted that she change her name to the shorter O'Mara and O'Hara, and eventually decided on the latter after expressing contempt at both.[2] O'Hara would later say that "nobody would ever get [FitzSimons] straight", and when she said "I like Maureen Fitzsimons and I want to keep it", Laughton replied with "Very well, you're Maureen O'Hara".[9] O'Hara worked well under Hitchcock, professing to have "never experienced the strange feeling of detachment with Hitchcock that many other actors claimed to have felt while working with him."[2] Though Jamaica Inn is generally seen by critics and the director himself as one of his weakest films,[10] Laughton was so pleased with O'Hara's performance that she was cast in the role of Esmeralda opposite him in The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1939) for RKO in Hollywood.[11] Filming commenced in the San Fernando Valley, at a time when the city was experiencing its hottest summer in its history. O'Hara described it as a "physically demanding shoot", due to the heavy makeup and costume requirements, and recalls that she gasped at Laughton in makeup as Quasimodo, remarking, "Good God, Charles. Is that really you?".[2]

After the completion of The Hunchback of Notre Dame, 1932 film. O'Hara portrayed Sydney Fairchild, which was played by Katharine Hepburn in the original, in a film which she considered to have a "screenplay [which] was mediocre at best".[2] She found her role as an aspiring ballerina who performs with a dance troupe in Dance, Girl, Dance (1940) to have been a physically demanding one, and in her own words one which she "struggled to get it right". O'Hara felt intimidated by Lucille Ball during the production as she had been a former Ziegfeld and Goldwyn girl and was a superior dancer.[2]

Hollywood stardom (1941–49)

O'Hara in April 1942

O'Hara began 1941 by appearing in [2] O'Hara's breakthrough role came when director John Ford at 20th Century Fox cast her as Angharad in How Green Was My Valley (1941),[13] a film about a close, hard-working Welsh mining family living in the heart of the South Wales Valleys in the 19th century.[14] The film, which won the Academy Award for Best Picture,[13] began an artistic collaboration with Ford that would "span twenty years and five feature films".[2] Ford developed a nickname for her, "rosebud".[3] O'Hara stated that her favorite scene in the film took place outside the church after her character gets married, remarking, "I make my way down the steps to the carriage waiting below, the wind catches my veil and fans it out in a perfect circle all the way around my face. Then it floats straight up above my head and points to the heavens. It's breathtaking."[2] O'Hara met actress Anna Lee on set of the film, and she later wrote the foreword to Lee's memoir, recalling that she had a "great sense of humor, which brought a lovely element of fun to the shoot of the movie". O'Hara stated that such was the friendship that she named her daughter Bronwyn after Lee's character.[15] Both O'Hara and co-star Walter Pidgeon as the minister were praised for their performances, with Variety writing that "Maureen O’Hara splendid as the object of his unrequited love, who marries the mineowner’s son out of pique".[16]

With Tyrone Power in the trailer for The Black Swan (1942)

In 1942, O'Hara starred in the [2] Later that year, O'Hara starred opposite Tyrone Power, Laird Cregar and Anthony Quinn in Henry King's swashbuckler The Black Swan. O'Hara recalled that it was "everything you could want in a lavish pirate picture: a magnificent ship with thundering cannons; a dashing hero battling menacing villains... sword fights; fabulous costumes..." and found it exhilarating working with Power, who was renowned for his "wicked sense of humor".[2] Though the film was praised by critics and is seen as one of the period's most enjoyable adventure films, the critic from The New York Times thought O'Hara's character lacked depth, commenting that "Maureen O'Hara is brunette and beautiful—which is all the part requires".[17]

O'Hara in 1943

O'Hara played the love interest of Jean Renoir's This Land Is Mine for RKO.[18] Later, she had a role in Richard Wallace's The Fallen Sparrow opposite John Garfield,[19] whom she described as "my shortest leading man, an outspoken Communist and a real sweetheart".[2] The following year, O'Hara was cast opposite Joel McCrea in William A. Wellman's biographical western Buffalo Bill.[20] Though she considered McCrea to be a "very nice man, a good actor", she didn't think that he was rugged enough for the part of William F. "Buffalo Bill" Cody. She noted that though the film was largely seen negatively by critics, it did well at the box office, probably because of its "masterful use of Technicolor".[2] Biography Aubrey Malone noted that McCrea "gives her little to work off. She has no lines to help her scenes reach liftoff, so she must content herself with being part of his reflected glory".[20] Contrary to O'Hara's belief that the film was critically panned, Variety was highly praising of the film, describing it as a "super-western and often a tear-jerker", and thought that McCrea was convincing in the part and that O'Hara's own performance was "satisfactory".[21]

"Ms. O'Hara was called the Queen of Technicolor, because when that film process first came into use, nothing seemed to show off its splendor better than her rich red hair, bright green eyes and flawless peaches-and-cream complexion. One critic praised her in an otherwise negative review of the 1950 film "Comanche Territory" with the sentiment "Framed in Technicolor, Miss OHara somehow seems more significant than a setting sun." Even the creators of the process claimed her as its best advertisement."

—Anita Gates of The New York Times on O'Hara as "The Queen of Technicolor".[22]

In 1945, O'Hara starred opposite Paul Henreid in The Spanish Main as noblewoman Contessa Francesca, the daughter of a Mexican viceroy,[23] which she described as "one of my more decorative roles".[2] O'Hara almost didn't win the role when another actress falsely told RKO executive Joe Nolan that she was "as big as a horse" after giving birth to a daughter in 1944. During the production she was visited by John Ford, who was initially turned away for being shabbily dressed, but was later admitted to inform her about the project that would become The Quiet Man (1952). Malone notes that in the film O'Hara "shows her determination not to leave her sexuality at the birthing stool", commenting that she looks "deliciously fragrant in the splashy histrionics on view here, in RKO's first film in the three-color Technicolor process" [24] O'Hara became a naturalized citizen of the United States on January 24 1946,[3] and held dual citizenship with the US and her native Ireland.[25] In the same year, she starred in two films – Walter Lang's Sentimental Journey and Gregory Ratoff's musical Do You Love Me. The former was a commercially successful production, which she described as a "rip-your-heart-out tearjerker that reduced my agents and the toughest brass at Fox to mush when they saw it".[2] In the latter, she portrayed a prim, bespectacled music-school dean who transforms herself into a desirable, sophisticated lady in the big city. She commented that it was "one of the worst pictures I ever made. Neither Dick Haymes nor Harry James could save it. It was rocky from the start, and a bad omen for worse to come".[2]

With Douglas Fairbanks Jr. in the trailer for Sinbad the Sailor (1947)

O'Hara starred opposite Douglas Fairbanks Jr. as Shireen in Sinbad the Sailor (1947). She described her character as a "glamorous adventuress" who helps Sinbad (Fairbanks) find the hidden treasure of Alexander the Great. She found the scenario to be "ridiculous", but stated that it made a "pot of money for RKO – action-adventures almost always did".[2] After a role as the love interest of Cornel Wilde in Humberstone's The Homestretch,[26] O'Hara portrayed the role of Doris Walker, the mother of Susan Walker (played by a young Natalie Wood) in 20th Century Fox's Christmas film, Miracle on 34th Street (1947), which became a perennial Christmas classic, with a traditional network television airing every Thanksgiving Day on NBC.[27] On Natalie Wood, O'Hara said: "I have been mother to almost forty children in movies, but I always had a special place in my heart for little Natalie. She always called me Mamma Maureen and I called her Natasha... when Natalie and I shot the scenes in Macy's, we had to do them at night because the store was full of people doing their Christmas shopping during the day. Natalie loved this because it meant she was allowed to stay up late. I really enjoyed this time with Natalie. We loved to walk through the quiet, closed store and look at all the toys and girls' dresses and shoes. The day she died, I cried shamelessly".[2] The film garnered several awards, including an Academy Award Nomination for Best Picture.[13]

O'Hara's last film of 1947 was opposite Rex Harrison in John M. Stahl's The Foxes of Harrow.[28] Set in pre-Civil War New Orleans,[29] TCM noted the "ironic choice" of her casting, given that the "British-born Harrison was playing an Irishman while the Irish to the bone O'Hara was cast as a Creole". They state that O'Hara had been "angling" to star in Forever Amber (1947), Fox's "big historical romance at the time", but believe that due to a contractual clause, neither of her joint contract owners, Fox and RKO, would accept her appearing in a "major star vehicle" at the time.[30] During the production O'Hara and Harrison intensely disliked each other from the outset. She commented: "Hollywood might have called him the greatest perfectionist among actors, but I found him to be rude, vulgar, and arrogant."[2] Variety, while acknowledging the length, thought that O'Hara and Harrison carried off their dramatic scenes with "surprising skill".[30] The following year, O'Hara starred opposite Robert Young in the commercially successful comedy film, Sitting Pretty.[2] Bosley Crowther of The New York Times praised O'Hara and Young as husband and wife, remarking that they were "delightfully clever", acting with "elaborate indignation, alternating with good-natured despair". [31]

In 1949, O'Hara featured in A Woman's Secret, opposite Melvyn Douglas. She described her role as a "frustrated talent manager who shoots her star client in a jealous rage". O'Hara stated that she "made no attempt to keep it a secret that I thought the story stank", but agreed to appear in the production to meet the one-picture-a-year contractual obligation to RKO.[2] After subsequent roles in The Forbidden Street with Dana Andrews,[32] which was shot at Shepperton Studios in London,[32] and Father was a Fullback, described by O'Hara as "a comedy stinkeroo that got more yawns than laughs",[2] She starred in her first film with Universal Pictures,[2] which was the escapist adventure, Bagdad, where she portrayed Princess Marjan.[33] The film was shot on location in the Alabama Hills of Lone Pine, California.[33] O'Hara noted that the film "made Universal a fortune" and part of her contract with RKO was purchased by Universal Pictures as a result of the film's success.[2]

John Ford, John Wayne and westerns (1950–1971)

O'Hara in 1950

In the 1950 technicolor western, Comanche Territory, O'Hara played the lead character of Katie Howards. She stated that Comanche Territory was the "film in which I mastered the American bullwhip." and that by the time the picture was over, she "could snap a cigarette out of someone's mouth."[2] Regarding her role in the film, Crowther believed O'Hara to be "more significant than a setting sun. And she tackles her assignment with so much relish that the rest of the cast, even the Indians, are completely subdued."[34] She then appeared as Countess D'Arneau opposite John Payne in Tripoli, directed by O'Hara's second husband, William Houston Price.[35] O'Hara was next cast by John Ford in Rio Grande, the final instalment of his cavalry trilogy. It was the first of five films to be made over 22 years with John Wayne, including The Quiet Man (1952), The Wings of Eagles (1957), McLintock! (1963) and Big Jake (1971), the first three of which were directed by Ford.[36] On Wayne, O'Hara declared that "from our very first scenes together, working with John Wayne was comfortable for me".[2] In April 1951, she received a call from Universal Pictures that she was cast as a Tunisian princess named Tanya in the swashbuckler film, Flame of Araby (1951).[2][37] By that point of time, O'Hara began to grow tired of the roles she was offered and wanted to perform roles that had more depth than the ones she had done thus far,[2] saying "I wasn't up to making another lousy picture and wanted to save myself for a great performance in The Quiet Man. But Universal made their intentions known right away: Make the movie or be suspended. I had no choice but to make it."[2]

O'Hara's first release of 1952 was At Sword's Point, which according to her showed the "new Maureen O'Hara". She requested the makers to let her perform her own stunts so as to deliver a "standout performance" and not be eclipsed by her counterparts.[2] She trained in the art of fencing for six weeks under the Belgian-born fencing master, Fred Cavens, admitting that she had physically "never worked harder for a role."[2] In the film, she played Claire, the daughter of the musketeer, Athos. Although the film's plot, according to her was "a little hard to swallow" she found it to be "as fun as hell".[2] The critic from The New York Times appreciated O'Hara's swordsmanship in the film, stating that she was "snarling like a Fury, impales her opponents as though she were threading a needle."[38] On O'Hara's character, film historian Jeanine Basinger, in her book A Woman's View: How Hollywood Spoke to Women (1995), noted "She is, from the very beginning, both a woman and a swordsperson, and she doesn't have to stop being a woman to be good at dueling."[39] After appearing as the Irish immigrant Australian-based cowgirl, Dell McGuire, in Lewis Milestone's drama Kangaroo,[1] O'Hara starred opposite Wayne in Ford's romantic comedy-drama film, The Quiet Man. O'Hara cited the film to be her "personal favourite of all the pictures I have made. It is the one I am most proud of, and I tend to be very protective of it. I loved Mary Kate Danaher. I loved the hell and fire in her."[2] The film was both a critical and commercial success, grossing $3.8 million domestically in its first year of release against a budget of $1.75 million.[41][42] Film critic James Berardinelli called O'Hara "the perfect match for Wayne" and that "she never allows him to steal a scene without a fight, and occasionally snatches one away from him on her own."[43] In his book Cult Movies 3 (1989), Film critic and sports writer Danny Peary praised the on-screen chemistry of O'Hara and Wayne: "Handsome Wayne and beautiful O'Hara are wonderful together, exhibiting strength and, because their characters are in love, vulnerability and tenderness."[44] It was nominated for six Academy Awards including Best Picture.[13][45] Film director Martin Scorsese called The Quiet Man "one of the greatest movies of all time".[46] Her last release of 1952 was Against All Flags opposite Errol Flynn, marking her only collaboration with the actor.[47] The film was a commercially successful venture.[48][49]

O'Hara remained retired from acting until 1991, when she starred in the film Only the Lonely, playing Rose Muldoon, the domineering mother of a Chicago cop played by John Candy.[50] In the following years, she continued to work, starring in several made-for-TV films, including The Christmas Box, Cab for Canada and The Last Dance, the latter her last film, released on television 2000.[51]

Singing and theatre

In addition to her acting skills, O'Hara had a soprano voice and described singing as her first love. She was able to channel her love of singing through television. In the late 1950s and early 1960s, she was a guest on musical variety shows with Perry Como, Andy Williams, Betty Grable and Tennessee Ernie Ford. In 1960, O'Hara starred on Broadway in the musical Christine which ran for 12 performances. That year she released two recordings, Love Letters from Maureen O'Hara[52] and Maureen O'Hara Sings her Favorite Irish Songs.[53]

Personal life and death

In 1939, at the age of 19, O'Hara secretly married Englishman George H. Brown, a film producer, production assistant and occasional scriptwriter, whom she had met on the set of Jamaica Inn.[54] The marriage was annulled in 1941. Later that year, O'Hara married American film director William Houston Price (dialogue director in The Hunchback of Notre Dame), but the union ended in 1953, reportedly as a result of his alcohol abuse. They had one child, a daughter, Bronwyn Bridget Price (born 30 June 1944). Bronwyn has one son, Conor Beau FitzSimons (born 8 September 1970). From 1953–67, O'Hara had a relationship with Enrique Parra, a Mexican politician and banker. She wrote in her autobiography; "Enrique saved me from the darkness of an abusive marriage and brought me back into the warm light of life again. Leaving him was one of the most painful things I have ever had to do."[2] Parra (1 February 1926 – 4 June 2015) died four months before O'Hara.

She married her third husband, Charles F. Blair, Jr., on 12 March 1968. Blair was a pioneer of transatlantic aviation, a former brigadier general of the US Air Force, a former chief pilot at Pan Am, and founder and head of the U.S. Virgin Islands airline Antilles Air Boats. A few years after her marriage to Blair, O'Hara for the most part retired from acting (in the special features section to the DVD release of The Quiet Man, a story is recounted that O'Hara retired after longtime collaborators John Wayne and John Ford teased her about being married but not being a good, stay-at-home housewife). Blair died in 1978 while flying a Grumman Goose for his airline from St. Croix to St. Thomas, crashing after an engine failure. O'Hara was elected CEO and president of the airline, with the added distinction of becoming the first woman president of a scheduled airline in the U.S.[55]

O'Hara at the 2014 TCM Film Festival

She had homes in Arizona and the Virgin Islands, but lived mainly in Glengarriff, County Cork, after suffering a stroke in 2005.[56]

In May 2012, O'Hara's family contacted social workers regarding claims that O'Hara, who had short-term memory loss, was a victim of elder abuse.[57] In September 2012, O'Hara flew to the US after receiving doctor's permission to fly. She lived with her grandson, Conor Beau FitzSimons, in Idaho.[56]

On 24–25 May 2013, O'Hara made a public appearance at the 2013 John Wayne Birthday "Tribute to Maureen O'Hara" celebration in Winterset, Iowa. The occasion was the ground breaking for the new John Wayne Birthplace Museum; the festivities included an official proclamation from Iowa Governor Terry Branstad declaring 25 May 2013, as "Maureen O'Hara Day" in Iowa. The appearance included a performance by the Shannon Rovers Irish Pipe Band, who travelled from Chicago for the event. About Wayne, O'Hara said: "I was tough. I was tall. I was strong. I didn't take any nonsense from anybody. He was tough, he was tall, he was strong and he didn't take any nonsense from anybody. As a man and a human being, I adored him."[58]

On 24 October 2015, Maureen O'Hara died in her sleep at her home in Boise, Idaho from natural causes.[59] She was 95 years old. O'Hara was buried at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia next to her late husband Charles Blair.[60]

Achievements and activities

O'Hara was honored on This Is Your Life, which was aired on March 27, 1957.[3] She received the Heritage Award by the Ireland-American Fund in 1991.[61] For her contributions to the motion picture industry, O'Hara has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 7004 Hollywood Blvd. In 1993, she was inducted into the Western Performers Hall of Fame at the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. She was also awarded the Golden Boot Award.[62]

In March 1999, O'Hara was selected to be Grand Marshal of New York City's St. Patrick's Day Parade. In 2004, she was honored with a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Irish Film and Television Academy in her native Dublin. The same year, O'Hara released her autobiography ‍ '​Tis Herself, co-authored with Johnny Nicoletti and published by Simon & Schuster. She wrote the foreword for the cookbook At Home in Ireland,[63] and in 2007, she wrote the foreword for the biography of her friend and film co-star, the late actress Anna Lee.[64]

O'Hara was named Irish America‍ '​s "Irish American of the Year" in 2005, with festivities held at the Plaza Hotel in New York. In 2006, O'Hara attended the Grand Reopening and Expansion of the Flying Boats Museum in Foynes, County Limerick as a patron of the museum. A significant portion of the museum is dedicated to her late husband Charles. O'Hara donated her late husband's seaplane, the Excambian (a Sikorsky VS-44A), to the New England Air Museum. The restoration of the plane took eight years and time was donated by former pilots and mechanics in honor of Charles Blair. It is the only surviving example of this type of early trans-Atlantic plane.[65]

In 2011, O'Hara was formally inducted into the Irish America Hall of Fame at an event in

External links

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  49. ^ 'The Top Box Office Hits of 1953'. Variety. 13 January 1954. Retrieved 1 November 2015.
  50. ^ Blum 1993, p. 55.
  51. ^ Maureen O'Hara, spirited star of 'Miracle on 34th Street,' 'The Quiet Man,' dies at 95, Associated Press, Robert Jablon, 24 October 2015
  52. ^ Love Letters From Maureen O'Hara Maureen O'Hara. Retrieved 24 October 2015
  53. ^ Maureen O'Hara Sings Her Favourite Irish Songs. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
  54. ^
  55. ^
  56. ^ a b
  57. ^
  58. ^
  59. ^
  60. ^
  61. ^
  62. ^ Irish star Maureen O'Hara's beauty shone in Hollywood's golden age, The Belfast Telegraph, 24 October 2015
  63. ^ At Home in Ireland, Ava Astaire McKenzie, Roberts Rinehart, 1998
  64. ^ Anna Lee: Memoir of a Career on General Hospital and in Film, McFarland, 2007
  65. ^ Sikorsky VS-44A 'Excambian', New England Air Museum. Retrieved 24 October 2015
  66. ^
  67. ^
  68. ^ Craig Byrd,Curtain Call: Actress Maureen O'Hara Finally Has an Oscar, lamag.com, 5 November 2014.

References

  1. ^ Kangaroo is noted for being the first Technicolor film to be shot on-location in Australia.[40]

Notes

Selected credits

Filmography

In 2014, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences selected O'Hara to receive the Academy's Honorary Oscar, which was presented at the annual Governor's Awards in November that year. O'Hara became only the second actress, after Myrna Loy in 1991, to receive an Honorary Oscar without having previously been nominated for an Oscar in a competitive category.[68]

[67] / Shoeshine (1947)

  • Walter Wanger / Monsieur Vincent / Sid Grauman / Adolph Zukor (1948)
  • Jean Hersholt / Fred Astaire / Cecil B. DeMille / The Bicycle Thief (1949)
  • The Walls of Malapaga (1950)
  • Gene Kelly / Rashomon (1951)
  • Joseph M. Schenck / Forbidden Games (1952)
  • 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation / Bell & Howell Company / Joseph Breen / Pete Smith (1953)
  • Bausch & Lomb Optical Company / Danny Kaye / Kemp Niver / Greta Garbo / Jon Whiteley / Vincent Winter / Gate of Hell (1954)
  • Samurai I: Musashi Miyamoto (1955)
  • Eddie Cantor (1956)
  • Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers / Gilbert M. "Broncho Billy" Anderson / Charles Brackett / B. B. Kahane (1957)
  • Maurice Chevalier (1958)
  • Buster Keaton / Lee de Forest (1959)
  • Gary Cooper / Stan Laurel / Hayley Mills (1960)
  • 1961–1980
    1981–2000
    2001–2020


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