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San Diego Comic-Con International

Comic-Con International: San Diego: Creator
Status Active
Genre Multi-genre
Venue San Diego Convention Center (main)
Downtown San Diego (various)
Location(s) San Diego, California
Country United States
Inaugurated 1970 (1970)
Attendance Around 130,000 in 2010[1]
Organized by Comic-Con International
Filing status Non-profit

San Diego Comic-Con International is a multigenre entertainment and comic convention held annually in San Diego, California. It was founded as the Golden State Comic Book Convention in 1970 by a group of San Diegans, which included Shel Dorf, Richard Alf, Ken Krueger, and Mike Towry; later, it was called the "San Diego Comic Book Convention". The name, as given on its website, is Comic-Con International: San Diego; but it is commonly known simply as Comic-Con or the San Diego Comic-Con or "SDCC".[2][3][4][5] It is a four-day event (Thursday–Sunday) held during the summer at the San Diego Convention Center in San Diego, California. On the Wednesday evening prior to the official opening of the event, there is a preview for professionals, exhibitors, and select guests pre-registered for all four days.

Comic-Con International also produces two other conventions, WonderCon, held in Anaheim, California, and the Alternative Press Expo (APE), held in San Francisco. Since 1974, Comic-Con has bestowed its annual Inkpot Award on guests and persons of interest in the popular arts industries, as well as on members of Comic-Con's board of directors and the Convention committee. It is also the home of the Will Eisner Awards.

Originally showcasing primarily comic books and science fiction/fantasy related film, television, and similar popular arts, the convention now includes a larger range of pop culture and entertainment elements across virtually all genres, including horror, animation, anime, manga, toys, collectible card games, video games, webcomics, and fantasy novels. According to Forbes, the convention is the "largest convention of its kind in the world;"[6] Publishers Weekly wrote "Comic-Con International: San Diego is the largest show in North America;"[7] it is also the largest convention held in San Diego.[8] In 2010, it filled the San Diego Convention Center to capacity with more than 130,000 attendees.[1]


  • History and organization 1
  • Events 2
  • Exclusive collectibles 3
  • In the media 4
  • Locations and dates 5
  • Comic-Con Magazine 6
  • Overcrowding 7
  • See also 8
  • Notes 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

History and organization

The convention was founded in 1970 by

  • Official website

External links

  • San Diego Comic Convention Souvenir Book 1994 (offline)
  • The "Secret Origin" of San Diego's Comic-Con International
  • San Diego Comic-Con – Frequently Asked Questions


  1. ^ a b c Weisberg, Lori (November 22, 2010). "Comic-Con registration crashes for second time". San Diego Union-Tribune (San Diego, California). Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "Comic-Con co-creator Ken Krueger dies". BBC News. November 25, 2009. Retrieved January 7, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c Rowe, Peter (January 5, 2012). "Richard Alf, 59, one of Comic-Con's founders".  
  4. ^ Shel Dorf Tribute
  5. ^ Ken Krueger Tribute
  6. ^ David M. Ewalt (25 July 2011). "The Coolest Costumes Of Comic-Con". Forbes. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  7. ^ MacDonald, Heidi (19 June 2013). "What are the biggest comic-cons in North America?". Publisher Weekly (PWxyz, LLC.). Retrieved 5 September 2014. 
  8. ^ Peter Rowe (July 16, 2009). "Invasion of the comic fanatics". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved October 4, 2009. While the Con's impact is global, it's San Diego's single largest convention, drawing more than 100,000 people who will rent hotel rooms, order meals and buy bagfuls of whatnots, all to the tune of $32 million. 
  9. ^ a b c "Founder of Comic-Con Dies at 76", City News Service via, November 4, 2009
  10. ^ Evanier, Mark. POV Online (column of November 3, 2009): "Shel Dorf, R.I.P."
  11. ^ Comic-Con Souvenir Book No. 40 p.61 (2009)
  12. ^ a b c Rowe, Peter. "Obituary: Sheldon Dorf; Comic-Con co-founder". 'The San Diego Union-Tribune. Sign On San Diego. November 4, 2009
  13. ^ a b c Malloy, Elizabeth (April 18, 2008). "Charting Comic-Con's Hulk-like growth". The Daily Transcript. Retrieved April 19, 2008. 
  14. ^ "Comic Con Memories The 70s". Comic-Con Souvenir Book No. 40 p.75 (2009)
  15. ^ "Comic Con Memories The 80s". Comic-Con Souvenir Book No. 40 p.90 (2009)
  16. ^ "Comic-Con To Stay in SD At Least Through 2015". September 30, 2010
  17. ^ Kilpatrick, Conor. "Comic-Con International to stay in San Diego through 2015". Retrieved September 2010
  18. ^ Weisberg, Lori (9 April 2015). "Comic-Con to get online video channel". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 11 April 2015. 
    McNary, Dave (9 April 2015). "Lionsgate Launching Comic-Con Channel". Variety. Retrieved 11 April 2015. 
  19. ^ "Comic-Con kicks off with freaks, fans, famous people".  
    Tom Blair (July 15, 2011). "Comic-Con is truly one in the millions".  
  20. ^ Peter Rowe (22 April 2013). "Beer is big, bubbly business in SD, new study confirms". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 25 April 2013. That same year, the direct economic impact of Comic-Con — a five-day pop culture celebration that is the county’s largest convention — was pegged at $180 million. 
  21. ^ a b Graser, Marc; Maxwell, Erin (July 13, 2011). "TV shows loom at Comic-Con"., Reed Business Information. Retrieved January 3, 2012. 
  22. ^ Goldberg, Lesley (July 3, 2011). "Comic-Con 2011: The TV Lineup". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 3, 2012. 
  23. ^ Gelman, Vlada. "Comic-Con 2011: ABC Bringing Castle and Once Upon a Time, and Other Updates". TVLine Media. Retrieved January 3, 2012. 
  24. ^ "Infographics: How SDCC Compares To Other Conventions". The San Diego Comic-Con Unofficial Blog. Retrieved November 4, 2013. 
  25. ^ "Dancing With The Stars: A Guide To Comic-Con’s Ballroom 20". The San Diego Comic-Con Unofficial Blog. Retrieved May 13, 2013. 
  26. ^ "I Am Hall H: A Guide To The Biggest Stage At Comic-Con". The San Diego Comic-Con Unofficial Blog. Retrieved June 3, 2013. 
  27. ^ a b "Comin-Con Programming Information". Retrieved January 3, 2012. 
  28. ^ "Meeting Room Capacity Chart". Hilton Worldwide. Retrieved January 3, 2012. 
  29. ^ "TNI's 2007 San Diego Comic-Con Exclusives Checklist", Toy News International 2007
  30. ^ Allen, Mike (August 20, 2009). "Comic-Con Scene Bound for Big Screen". San Diego Business Journal (San Diego Business Journal Associates). Retrieved August 21, 2009. 
  31. ^ Carla Day (27 April 2012). "The Big Bang Theory Review: Howard, Raj and Sailor Moon". TVFanatic. Mediavine Inc. Retrieved 27 August 2012. 
  32. ^ "Chuck Versus the Sandworm". CBS Interactive Inc. Retrieved 27 August 2012. 
  33. ^ (2011 season) Episode 7 ("It's My Party and I'll Bang If I Want To")The Real World: San DiegoSummary page for . November 9, 2011
  34. ^ "It's My Party and I'll Bang If I Want To". The Real World: San Diego. Season 26. Episode 7. November 9, 2011. MTV. 
  35. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af Comic Con Souvenir Book No. 40. San Diego Comic-Com International. 2009. p. 60. 
  36. ^ Comic-Con Chronicles 2006 (internet video). IFC News. 2006. 
  37. ^ "Comic-Con 2006 Special Guest List". Retrieved October 11, 2009. 
  38. ^ "Comic-Con: Where 'nerd has become normal'" USA Today (July 29, 2007), by Scott Bowles
  39. ^ "Comic-Con 2007 Special Guest List". Retrieved October 11, 2009. 
  40. ^ Sandy Cohen (30 July 2007). "Comic-Con: Crowds, costumes, and comics". USA Today. Associated Press. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  41. ^ a b Comic-Con seeks bids from hotels
  42. ^ "Comic-Con 2008 Special Guest List". August 16, 2008. Retrieved October 11, 2009. 
  43. ^ a b Sarah Parvini (14 July 2012). "Comic-Con attendees reflect on the convention’s changing atmosphere". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 16 July 2012. 
  44. ^ "Comic-Con 2009 Special Guest List". September 14, 2009. Retrieved October 11, 2009. 
  45. ^ a b Michael Cieply (July 8, 2009). "Japan’s Master Animator to Be Honored in U.S. Visit".  
    Michael Carvna (August 14, 2009). "Lasseter Celebrates 'Ponyo' Creator Hayao Miyazaki".  
    Lev Grossman (July 25, 2009). "San Diego Comic-Con: Meeting Miyazaki". Time Magazine. Retrieved July 20, 2012. 
  46. ^ SDCC '10: A Note About This Week's Massive Coverage
  47. ^ "Two new Venues of Comic-Con Events". Comic-Con International. 2010. Retrieved 20 July 2012. 
  48. ^ "Comic-Con 2010 Special Guest List". Retrieved December 18, 2009. 
  49. ^ Matt Goldberg (October 7, 2009). "The 4-Day + Preview Night Passes for the 2010 San Diego Comic-Con Are Already Sold Out". Retrieved October 23, 2009.  and
    Kevin Melrose (October 6, 2009). "The comics Internet in two minutes". Retrieved October 23, 2009. 
  50. ^ Lindsay Hood; Michelle Wayland (26 July 2010). "Man Stabbed at Comic-Con Screening".  
    "Police: Man stabbed with pen at Comic-Con". CNN (Turner Broadcasting System, Inc.). 25 July 2010. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
    Jen Chaney (24 July 2010). "Comic-Con 2010: A stabbing at the San Diego Convention Center". Washington Post. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
    Lewis Wallace (25 July 2010). "Comic-Con ‘Eye-Stabbing’ Leaves 1 Injured, 1 Jailed". Wired (Condé Nast). Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
    Steve Zeitchik (25 July 2010). "COMIC-CON 2010: Stabbing disrupts Hall H activity — but only briefly". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  51. ^ Lane Brown (24 July 2010). "Update: Harry Potter Fan Stabs a Guy at Comic-Con". Retrieved 14 Nov 2013. 
  52. ^ Lori Weisberg (July 22, 2011). "Lines and pre-registration the Comic-Con way". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved July 20, 2012. 
  53. ^ "Fourth and final day for Comic-Con and over 126,000 attendees".  
  54. ^ "Comic-Con International 2011 Special Guests". Comic-Con 2011. Comic-Con International. October 16, 2011. Retrieved February 16, 2012. 
  55. ^ Joshua L. Weinstein (13 July 2011). "Steven Spielberg to Make First Comic-Con Appearance". Reuters. Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
    Rebecca Keegan (22 July 2011). "Comic-Con 2011: Steven Spielberg says ‘Jurassic Park 4' is on". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  56. ^ a b Lori Weisberg (March 3, 2012). "Comic-Con badges sell out in record time".  
  57. ^ Sandy Cohen (16 July 2012). "Comic-Con wraps after 4 days of pop-art indulgence".  
  58. ^ "Comic-Con International 2012 Special Guests". Comic-Con International 2012 Programming Schedule. Comic-Con International. 11 July 2012. Retrieved 1 September 2012. 
  59. ^ Lori Weisberg (22 July 2011). "Lines and pre-registration the Comic-Con way". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
    Peter C. Salisbury (26 July 2011). "Will Sleep on Floor for Comic-Con 2012 Tickets". San Diego Reader. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  60. ^ Kristina Davis; Pauline Repard; Oliver Ortega (10 July 2010). "Twilight fan hit by car and killed at Comic-Con". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 14 July 2012. The woman was in a crosswalk and had a red light when she tried to run across Harbor Drive toward the convention center about 9:20 a.m., said police Sgt. Ron Glass. 
  61. ^
  62. ^ "Special Guests, Page 1". Comic-Con International: San Diego. 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  63. ^ "Special Guests, Page 2". Comic-Con International: San Diego. 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  64. ^ "Special Guests, Page 3". Comic-Con International: San Diego. 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  65. ^ "Special Guests, Page 4". Comic-Con International: San Diego. 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  66. ^ "Special Guests, Page 5". Comic-Con International: San Diego. 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  67. ^ Lori Weisberg (16 February 2013). "Comic-Con badges sell out in 2 hours". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  68. ^ "Comic-Con badges sell out in 93 minutes". KFMB-TV. 16 February 2013. Retrieved 3 June 2013. 
  69. ^ "Stuntmen saves woman hanging from balcony". KGTV. 1 August 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  70. ^ Hill, Kyle (July 21, 2014). "San Diego Comic-Con: By The Numbers". Nerdist. Retrieved June 25, 2015. 
  71. ^ "Passersby Struck by Car Amid Comic-Con Zombie Walk". 28 July 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
    Ash, Allison; Bianco, Rachel (29 July 2014). "New cellphone videos of 'Zombie Walk' hit-and-run surface". KGTV (The E.W. Scripps Co). Retrieved 30 July 2014. 
  72. ^ Emma G. Gallegos (29 July 2014). "Man Arrested After Teen Cosplayer Discovered 'Unconscious And Bloody' On The Side Of The Road At Comic-Con". LAist (Gothamist LLC). Retrieved 30 July 2014. 
    "Comic-Con 2014: Police investigating attack on Riverside County teen cosplayer". Los Angeles Daily News (LA Daily News). 30 July 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2014. 
    Arturo Garcia (29 July 2014). "SD Comic-Con cosplaying teen hospitalized in bloody attack, man arrested". Raw Story (Raw Story Media, Inc.). Retrieved 30 July 2014. 
    Nguyen, Candice; R., Strickney (30 July 2014). "Family: Riverside Co. Teen Beaten While Attending Comic-Con 2014". NBC San Diego (NBCUniversal Media, LLC.). Retrieved 30 July 2014. 
    Cox, Carolyn (31 July 2014). "What We Know About The Comic-Con Cosplay Assault, And How To Help". The Mary Sue. Retrieved 31 July 2014. 
    Du Pre, Jon (31 July 2014). "Comic-Con assault leaves female minor in critical condition". KUSI (WorldNow). Retrieved 5 August 2014. 
  73. ^ McVicker, Laura (1 August 2014). "Comic-Con Cosplayer Not Assaulted: Police". KNSD (NBCUniversal Media, LLC). Retrieved 5 August 2014. 
  74. ^ Weisberg, Lori (21 February 2015). "Comic-Con badges sell out in record time". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 26 February 2015. 
  75. ^ Rogers, John (July 2005). "Inside: Celebrating a Legend" (PDF). Update (San Diego, California: San Diego Comic-Con International) 1 (1): Cover.  
  76. ^ Rogers, John (July 2008). "Exclusive World Premiere at WonderCon!: Justice League: The New Frontier" (PDF). Update (San Diego, California: San Diego Comic-Con International) 3 (1): Cover.  
  77. ^ a b "FREE magazine gives you valuable information" (SHTML). San Diego Comic-Con International. Retrieved February 3, 2009. [...] the new official publication of the San Diego Comic-Con International, WonderCon, and APE, the Alternative Press Expo [...] Comic-Con Magazine will still contain the elements that made the Update the official preview of all the Comic-Con events [...] We will continue showcasing exclusive interviews with special guests from all three of our shows [...] 
  78. ^  
  79. ^ "2009 Comic‑Con Souvenir Book!" (SHTML). San Diego Comic-Con International. Retrieved February 3, 2009. [...] Alex Ross' cover for our 2008 Souvenir Book [...] The big news this year is that the Souvenir Book is switching to FULL COLOR [...] 
  80. ^ (July 30, 2007)Forbes: "What began as a comic-book event has grown to include toys, video games, anime and movies. The event practically no longer fits in the San Diego Convention Center, its home through 2012".
  81. ^ Comic-COn 2008 registration
  82. ^ McLean, Tom (June 25, 2008). "Buyers beware scalped Comic-Con tickets".  
  83. ^ More on the SDCC Preview Night sellout — correction
  84. ^ You Were Warned!
  85. ^ Eric, Carpenter (February 23, 2010). "Could Comic-Con move to Anaheim?".  
  86. ^ Eric Wolff. "REGION: Comic-Con sells out 2011 Preview Night before Con ends". North County Times. 
  87. ^ Noelene Clark (January 10, 2014). "San Diego Comic-Con International: No more four-day badges for 2014".  
  88. ^ Lori Weisberg (March 1, 2012). "Comic-Con badges go on sale Saturday". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved March 5, 2012. "As you know because of limited space at the San Diego Convention Center we have had to cap attendance for the last few years," organizers said in their e-mail. 
  89. ^ Geoff Boucher (September 30, 2010). "Comic-Con will stay in San Diego".  
  90. ^ Lori Weisberg (October 10, 2013). "Commission OKs convention expansion". U-T San Diego. 
  91. ^ "Expansion". Community. San Diego Convention Center Corporation. 2012. Retrieved 27 December 2012. 
  92. ^ "CA Coastal Committee Okays San Diego Convention Center Expansion, Completion Targeted for 2018". The San Diego Comic-Con Unofficial Blog. Retrieved October 11, 2013. 
  93. ^ "Comic-Con International to remain in San Diego through 2016". Los Angeles Times. 29 October 2012. Retrieved 27 December 2012. 
  94. ^ Sloss, Jason (7 August 2014). "City Council ponders next move for San Diego Convention Center expansion". KSWB (San Diego). Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
    Weisberg, Lori (1 August 2014). "Ruling threatens convention center expansion". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
    Lewis, Scott (26 August 2014). "Six Years and $10 Million Gone, the Convention Center Expansion Is Dead". 
    Weisberg, Lori (9 May 2015). "Is contiguous center expansion dead?". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
    Sauer, Mark; Trageser, Claire (1 August 2014). "Court Rejects San Diego Convention Center Expansion Tax". KPBS (San Diego). Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  95. ^ "Everything You Need to Know About Where the Convention Center Expansion Stands". 
  96. ^ Hugo, Martin; Perry, Tony (21 January 2015). "Will Comic-Con leave San Diego? Other cities are making pitches". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  97. ^ Weisberg, Lori (25 June 2015). "Comic-Con deal near". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  98. ^ "Comic-Con International decides to stay in San Diego through 2018". USA Today. 2015-07-02. Retrieved 2015-07-02. 


See also

As of October 2013, a $520 million proposed expansion to the San Diego Convention Center received approval from the California Coastal Commission.[90] The proposed expansion will increase the available space within the convention center and has a target completion date of early 2016.[91] The expansion will add approximately 225,000 square feet of exhibit space, an additional 35%; and a brand-new 80,000 square foot ballroom, which will be 20% larger than Hall H. The plan also adds a second tower to the Hilton Bayfront hotel, adding 500 rooms adjacent to the Convention Center.[92] Due to the proposed expansion of the convention center, Comic Con extended its contract for San Diego to 2016.[93] In 2014, convention center expansion was halted due to a lawsuit.[94] As of July 2015, convention center expansion is effectively frozen, partly because the city no longer has financing lined up for it (any financing plan would involve taxpayer money and would have to be approved by a public vote), and partly because the city lost the rights to the only contiguous parcel of land where expansion could occur.[95] Other cities, including Los Angeles, began to seek to have Comic-Con move out of San Diego;[96] In 2015, Comic-Con entered into negotiations with San Diego.[97] As a result of these negotiations, Comic-Con entered into a contract to stay in San Diego through 2018.[98]

[89] this cap has been in place since 2007.[88] On February 23, 2010, [84] noted as of November 9, 2009 all 4-day passes for the 2010 show had already been sold out.News from ME Mark Evanier on his blog

For 2010 the decision was made to offer an option (of whether they wanted to attend Preview Night) to those who pre-registered for four-day badges. We limited the number of badges for Preview Night to the number of those who attended in 2008.[83]

Heidi McDonald reported on her blog The Beat as of October 7, 2009 Preview Night for the 2010 show has already sold out. Glazner explained the early sell-out:

We've been approached by other cities, [but] I don't think anybody wants to leave San Diego. I certainly don't. It's a perfect fit for us. It's expensive, whether it be paying for the street signs that tell you what streets are closed, or for any police or the hall or any of the myriad things, it's expensive. But it's a great city. There's been some talk of expansion of the center, which we would certainly welcome. Hopefully if everything lines up, we will be here for many more years.[13]

In April 2008, David Glanzer, Comic-Con's director of marketing and public relations, commented on the organization's desire to remain in San Diego:

Capacity attendance at Comic-Con in 2006 and 2007 has caused crowding issues. Concerns have been raised that the event is possibly too massive for the San Diego Convention Center, Comic-Con's home through at least 2015.[80] In 2006, Comic-Con, for the first time, had to close registration for a few hours on Saturday to accommodate crowds. In response, for 2007, Comic-Con introduced a new three-day membership that did not include Saturday. Nevertheless, the 2007 show went on to sell out Saturday, as well as Friday and Sunday for the first time. Additionally, both the four-day and three-day memberships sold out for the first time. For 2008, the three-day memberships were abandoned and the convention decided to sell memberships only in advance, with no on-site registration.[81] In 2008, all memberships were sold out before the convention for the first time ever. This sellout has given rise to the new phenomenon of Comic-Con memberships being scalped for exorbitant prices on websites such as eBay and Craigslist.[82]

Comic-Con crowd inside the second floor of the convention center in 2011 awaiting the exhibition hall to open.
Comic Con crowds in 2011 as seen from a helicopter – Panorama.


Comic-Con Magazine, formerly known as Update, is the official magazine of San Diego Comic-Con International, WonderCon, and Alternative Press Expo, published free by San Diego Comic-Con International in the United States. The origins of the Comic-Con Magazine come from a short one-shot issue of The Spirit, based on Comic-Con, and sold exclusively in 1976 at the San Diego Comic-Con International. The Comic-Con Magazine debuted as Update in July 2005 and mainly focused on the winners of the Eisner Awards.[75] The last Update issue was on July 2008 and went on hiatus.[76] Update came back as Comic-Con Magazine, which not only covered San Diego Comic-Con International, but also WonderCon and the Alternative Press Expo, more commonly known as APE. The new Comic-Con Magazine features interviews with Comic-Con attendees and complete coverage of the Comic-Con events.[77][78] The fourth issue of Comic-Con Magazine will be a hybrid with Comic-Con's Souvenir Book with cover art by Alex Ross, in full color and exclusive to Comic-Con attendees.[77][79]

Comic-Con Magazine

No. Dates Location Attendance Official Comic-Con guests Panelists Notes
1 Mar 21, 1970 U.S. Grant Hotel 145 Forrest J Ackerman, Mike Royer[35] Minicon staged to raise funding for August convention
2 Aug 1–3, 1970[12] U.S. Grant Hotel[12] 300 Forrest J Ackerman, Ray Bradbury, Jack Kirby, Bob Stevens, A. E. van Vogt[35]:61 AKA Golden State Comic Con
3 Aug 6–8, 1971 Muir College,
La Jolla, CA
800 Kirk Alyn, Leigh Brackett, Ray Bradbury, Edmund Hamilton, Jack Kirby[35]:62
4 Aug 18–21, 1972 El Cortez Hotel 900+ Bob Clampett, Harry Harrison, Jack Kirby, Katherine Kurtz, Mel Lazarus, Roy Thomas, Milt Gray[35]:65 AKA San Diego's West Coast Comic Convention
5 Aug 16–19, 1973 Sheraton Hotel,
Harbor Island, CA
1,000+ Neal Adams, D.C. Fontana, June Foray, Mike Friedrich, Carmine Infantino[35]:66 Officially called San Diego Comic-Con; first five-day Comic-Con; first celebrity brunch
6 July 31 – Aug 5, 1974 El Cortez Hotel 2,500 Majel Barrett, Milton Caniff, Frank Capra, Chuck Jones, Walter Koenig, Russ Manning, Russell Myers, Charles M. Schulz, Larry "Seymour" Vincent[35]:67 First Masquerade, emceed by June Foray
7 July 30 – Aug 3, 1975 El Cortez Hotel 2,500+ Robert Bloch, Will Eisner, Mark Evanier, Gil Kane, Jack Katz, Stan Lee, Dick Moores, Chuck Norris, Don Rico, Jerry Siegel, Jim Starlin, Jim Steranko, Theodore Sturgeon:68 Radio personality Gabriel Wisdom (dressed as Thor) emcees Maquerade, with Charlene Brinkman (akas Brinke Stevens)
8 Nov 7–9, 1975 El Cortez Hotel 1,100 George Pal Three-day follow-up to summer Con. Comic-Con incorporates as nonprofit.
9 July 21–25, 1976 El Cortez Hotel 3,000+ Sergio Aragonés, Mel Blanc, Milton Caniff, Rick Griffin, Dale Messick, Joe Shuster, Noel Sickles, Don Thompson, Maggie Thompson[35]:69 Vaughn Bodé, scheduled to appear, dies just before Con.
10 July 20–24, 1977 El Cortez Hotel 4,000+ Carl Barks, C. C. Beck, Walter Gibson, Robert A. Heinlein, Michael Kaluta, Jack Kirby, B. Kliban, Joe Kubert, Harvey Kurtzman, Stan Lynde, Alex Niño, Trina Robbins, Bill Scott[35]:70
11 July 26–30, 1978 El Cortez Hotel 5,000 John Buscema, Howard Chaykin, Shary Flenniken, Alan Dean Foster, Gardner Fox, Steve Gerber, Burne Hogarth, Greg Jein, Bob Kane, Gray Morrow, Clarence "Ducky" Nash, Grim Natwick, Wendy Pini, Frank Thorne, Boris Vallejo[35]:71
12 Aug 1–5, 1979 San Diego Convention and Performing Arts Center,
U.S. Grant Hotel
6,000 Kelly Freas, Mike Jittlov, Harvey Kurtzman, Victor Moscoso, Nestor Redondo, Marshall Rogers, John Romita Sr., Mort Walker, Len Wein, Marv Wolfman[35]:72 US $12,000 in receipts stolen from the home of Con's Treasurer.
13 July 30 – Aug 3, 1980 San Diego Convention and Performing Arts Center,
U.S. Grant Hotel
5,000 John Byrne, Chris Claremont, Mike Grell, Paul Gulacy, Larry Niven, Joe Orlando, Richard Pini, Wendy Pini, Jerry Pournelle, Osamu Tezuka, Adam West, Wally Wood[35]:78
14 July 23–26, 1981 El Cortez Hotel 5,000 Jerry Bails, Dave Berg, L. B. Cole, Jim Fitzpatrick, Dick Giordano, Bil Keane, Julius Schwartz, Bill Sienkiewicz, Dave Sim[35]:79 Gary Owens emcees Masquerade.
15 July 8–11, 1982 San Diego Convention and Performing Arts Center,
Hotel San Diego
5,000 Carl Barks, Terry Beatty, Brian Bolland, Max Allan Collins, Will Eisner, Mike Grell, Chuck Jones, Hank Ketcham, Walter Koenig, Frank Miller, Arn Saba, Leonard Starr, Ken Steacy, Robert Williams[35]:80
16 Aug 4–7, 1983 San Diego Convention and Performing Arts Center,
Hotel San Diego
5,000 Trina Robbins[35]:81 First year the Con tried a theme for the souvenir programs. Arn Saba emcees the Masquerade.
17 June 28 – July 1, 1984 San Diego Convention and Performing Arts Center,
Hotel San Diego
5,500 Greg Bear, Howard Chaykin, Stan Drake, Burne Hogarth, Greg Jein, Ollie Johnston, Bob Layton, Brant Parker, Marshall Rogers, Mike Royer, Robert Shayne, Dave Stevens, Curt Swan, Frank Thomas, Al Williamson[35]:82 The Con was held earlier than usual due to the Los Angeles Summer Olympics. Sergio Aragonés hosted the Masquerade.
18 Aug 1–4, 1985 San Diego Convention and Performing Arts Center,
Hotel San Diego
6,000 Ben Bova, Jack Cummings, Jack Davis, Gil Kane, Harvey Kurtzman, Alan Moore (in his only U.S. convention appearance), Dan O'Bannon, Jerry Ordway, Alex Schomburg, Julius Schwartz, Jerry Siegel, Louise Simonson, Walt Simonson[35]:83 The Con moved a step further towards professionalism, and adopted Rick Geary's toucan design as the official logo, and hired general manager, Fae Desmond.
19 July 31 – Aug 3, 1986 San Diego Convention and Performing Arts Center,
Hotel San Diego
6,500 Poul Anderson, Marion Zimmer Bradley, Greg Evans, Stan Lee, Dale Messick, Frank Miller, Moebius, Mart Nodell, Harvey Pekar, Jim Valentino, Doug Wildey[35]:84
20 Aug 6–9, 1987 San Diego Convention and Performing Arts Center,
Holiday Inn
5,000 Harlan Ellison, Miguel Ferrer, Ward Kimball, B. Kliban, Françoise Mouly, Bill Mumy, Mike Peters, Robert Silverberg, Art Spiegelman, Bernie Wrightson[35]:85 Debut of Convention Events Guide. Country Joe of Country Joe & The Fish performs.
21 Aug 4–7, 1988 San Diego Convention and Performing Arts Center,
Omni Hotel
8,000 Matt Wagner[35]:86 "Supergroup" Seduction Of The Innocent debuted — featuring Bill Mumy, Steve Leialoha, Miguel Ferrer, Chris Christensen, and Max Allan Collins. The Japanese animation department debuted.
22 Aug 3–6, 1989 San Diego Convention and Performing Arts Center,
Omni Hotel
11,000 Paul Chadwick, Howard Cruse, Ron Goulart, Mark Hamill, Gilbert Hernandez and Jaime Hernandez, Selby Kelly, Syd Mead, Fred Rhoads, Jerry Robinson, Gahan Wilson[35]:87
23 Aug 2–5, 1990 San Diego Convention and Performing Arts Center,
Holiday Inn
13,000 Peter David, Will Eisner, Kelly Freas, Michael Kaluta, Mel Lazarus, Carl Macek, Grant Morrison, John Romita Jr., Van Williams[35]:94
24 July 4–7, 1991 San Diego Convention Center,
Pan Pacific Hotel
15,000+ Clive Barker, Dan DeCarlo, Harlan Ellison, Neil Gaiman, Keith Giffen, Joe Haldeman, Lynn Johnston, Joe Kubert, Jim Lee, Don Maitz, Sheldon Moldoff, Rick Sternbach, Janny Wurts[35]:95
25 Aug 13–16, 1992 San Diego Conv. Center,
Double Tree Hotel
22,000 Francis Ford Coppola, Creig Flessel, Bill Griffith, Todd McFarlane, Diane Noomin, Rowena, William Shatner, Gilbert Shelton, Lewis Shiner, Mr. T, Gary Trousdale, Vernor Vinge, Kirk Wise[35]:96 Con hosts Jack Kirby's 75th birthday party. Phil Foglio emcees.
26 Aug 19–22, 1993 San Diego Conv. Center,
Doubletree Hotel
28,000 Murphy Anderson, Jim Aparo, Peter Bagge, Dan Clowes, Nancy Collins, Paul Dini, Garth Ennis, Ferd Johnson, Rick Kirkman, Don Martin, Olivia, Dave Sim, Vin Sullivan, Michael Whelan, Robert Williams, Roger Zelazny[35]:97
27 Aug 4–7, 1994 San Diego Conv. Center,
Hyatt Regency
31,000 Mike Allred, David Brin, Dave Dorman, Al Feldstein, Rick Geary, Stan Goldberg, Roberta Gregory, Matt Groening, Chad Grothkopf, Lurene Haines, Dan Jurgens, Frank Miller, Leonard Nimoy, James O'Barr, Lucius Shepard, J. Michael Straczynski, Rumiko Takahashi, Jean-Claude Van Damme[35]:98
28 July 27–30, 1995 San Diego Conv. Center 34,000 Mike Baron, Simon Bisley, Charles Burns, Alan Davis, Ramona Fradon, Neil Gaiman, James Gurney, Greg Hildebrandt, Tim Hildebrandt, Ryoichi Ikegami, Gil Kane, Stan Lee, Irv Novick, Harvey Pekar, Stan Sakai, Joe Sinnott, Tom Sito, Jeff Smith, Andrew Vachss[35]:99 Comic-Con officially changed its name to Comic-Con International, and introduced its new "eye" logo designed by Richard Bruning.
29 July 4–7, 1996 San Diego Conv. Center 36,000 Donna Barr, David Brin, Paul Chadwick, Steve Dillon, Mort Drucker, Ben Edlund, Garth Ennis, Dave Gibbons, Joe Giella, Richard Hatch, Dave McKean, Jim Mooney, Kurt Schaffenberger, François Schuiten[35]:100 The second time that Comic Con falls on July 4, this time due to the Republican National Convention.
30 July 17–20, 1997 San Diego Conv. Center 40,000 Jhonen Vasquez, Paul Verhoeven, Mark Waid, Al Williamson[35]:101
31 Aug 13–16, 1998 San Diego Conv. Center 42,000 John Broome, Eddie Campbell, Nick Cardy, Mark Crilley, Colleen Doran, Lorenzo Mattotti, Terry Moore, Paul S. Newman, James Robinson, Joe Simon, Paul Smith, Vin Sullivan, Naoko Takeuchi, Chris Ware, Robert Williams[35]:102
32 Aug 13–16, 1999 San Diego Conv. Center 42,000 Tom Batiuk, Chuck Cuidera, Samuel R. Delany, Paul Dini, Arnold Drake, Neil Gaiman, Sam Glanzman, Larry Gonick, Irwin Hasen, Patrick McDonnell, Mike Mignola, Mark Mothersbaugh, Jerry Robinson, Art Spiegelman, Jim Steranko, Jill Thompson, Bruce Timm, Barry Windsor-Smith[35]:103
33 July 20–23, 2000 San Diego Conv. Center 48,500 Kyle Baker, Will Elder, Ric Estrada, Al Feldstein, Phoebe Gloeckner, Jack Kamen, Ben Katchor, Harry Knowles, Harry Lampert, Jeph Loeb, Scott McCloud, Tim Sale, Marie Severin, Kevin Smith, Bryan Talbot, Angelo Torres, Lewis Trondheim, Al Williamson, Gahan Wilson, Janny Wurts[35]:108
34 July 19–22, 2001 San Diego Conv. Center 53,000 Brian Michael Bendis, John Buscema, Michael Chabon, Frank Cho, Julie Doucet, Brian Froud, Wendy Froud, Gene Ha, Joe R. Lansdale, Russell Myers, P. Craig Russell, Kim Stanley Robinson, Spider Robinson, Alvin Schwartz, Dan Spiegle, Jhonen Vasquez, Judd Winick, Bernie Wrightson[35]:109
35 Aug 1–4, 2002 San Diego Conv. Center 63,000 William Woolfolk:110
36 July 17–20, 2003 San Diego Conv. Center 70,000 Brian Azzarello, Charles Berberian, Sal Buscema, Philippe Dupuy, Neil Gaiman, Jackson "Butch" Guice, Nalo Hopkinson, Steve Jackson, Geoff Johns, Larry Lieber, Carla Speed McNeil, Kevin O'Neill, Howard Post, R.A. Salvatore:111
37 July 22–25, 2004 San Diego Conv. Center 95,000 Jack Adler, Roger Dean, Dave Gibbons, Tom Gill, Harry Harrison, Sid Jacobson, Geoff Johns, Batton Lash, Chuck McCann, Aaron McGruder, Brad Meltzer, Mike Mignola, Rebecca Moesta, Bill Plympton, Eduardo Risso, Jean Schulz, Frank Springer, Tim Thomerson, Craig Thompson, John Totleben:112 Comic-Con expands into Hall H of the San Diego Convention Center and now occupies the entire exhibit space.
38 July 14–17, 2005 San Diego Conv. Center 103,000 Gary Panter, Eric Powell, Lou Scheimer, J. J. Sedelmaier, Dexter Taylor, Brian K. Vaughan, James Warren:113
39 July 20–23, 2006[36] San Diego Conv. Center 123,000 Howard Porter, Jerry Robinson, John Romita, Andy Runton, Shag, Gail Simone, J. Michael Straczynski, Yoshihiro Tatsumi, John Wagner, Brian Walker, Greg Weisman, Scott Williams.[37] While the San Diego Convention Center never reached maximum occupancy, potential attendees were denied entry on Saturday for a few hours.
40 July 26–29, 2007 San Diego Conv. Center 125,000[38] Rowena, Dave Stevens, J. Michael Straczynski, Ben Templesmith, Roy Thomas, Morrie Turner, Mark Verheiden, Matt Wagner, J. H. Williams III, Kent Williams, F. Paul Wilson, Brian Wood.[39] All multi-day and single-day passes for Friday, Saturday and Sunday were sold out.[40]
41 July 24–27, 2008 San Diego Conv. Center 126,000[41] Forrest J Ackerman, Sergio Aragonés, Kyle Baker, Ralph Bakshi, Mike W. Barr, Lynda Barry, Frank Beddor, Ray Bradbury, Steve Breen, Max Brooks, Ed Brubaker, Matt Busch, Jim Butcher, Eddie Campbell, Howard Chaykin, Kim Deitch, Mark Evanier, Al Feldstein, Hiro Mashima, Keith Giffen, Neil Googe, Victor Gorelick, Mike Grell, Paul Gulacy, Neil Patrick Harris, Joe Hill, Bryan Hitch, John Howe, Al Jaffee, Geoff Johns, J. G. Jones, Todd Klein, Dean Koontz, Tite Kubo, Verne Langdon, Jim Lee, Rutu Modan, Noel Neill, Floyd Norman, Jim Ottaviani, Mike Peters, Wendy Pini, Steve Purcell, Robert J. Sawyer, James Shoop, Jim Starlin, Joe Staton, J. Michael Straczynski, Adrian Tomine, Ethan Van Sciver, James Warren, Jeff Watts, Signe Wilkinson, Bill Willingham, Connie Willis, Jim Woodring, Bernie Wrightson, Dean Yeagle.[42] All multi-day and single-day passes sold out weeks ahead of the event for the first time ever.[43]
42 July 23–26, 2009 San Diego Conv. Center 126,000[41] Shane Acker, Michael "Doc" Allred, Kevin J. Anderson, Sergio Aragonés, Ray Bradbury, Brom, Gene Colan, Nicola Cuti, Kevin Eastman, Steve Epting, Mark Evanier, June Foray, Ramona Fradon, Hunter Freberg, Stan Freberg, Gary Gianni, Jimmy Gownley, Russ Heath, Brian Herbert, James Jean, Geoff Johns, Eric Jones, Kazu Kibuishi, Denis Kitchen, John Kricfalusi, Hope Larson, Jim Lee, Francis Manapul, Dwayne McDuffie, Doug Moench, Sheldon "Shelly" Moldoff, Fabio Moon, Patrick Oliphant, Bryan Lee O'Malley, Stephan Pastis, David Petersen, Darick Robertson, Jerry Robinson, Mike Royer, Stan Sakai, Lew Sayre Schwartz, Seth, Bill Sienkiewicz, Gail Simone, Leonard Starr, J. Michael Straczynski, Richard Thompson, Lewis Trondheim, Ramón Valdiosera Berman, Jerry Vanderstelt, Charles Vess, Landry Walker, Bill Willingham, Gene Yang, Leinil Yu.[44] John Lasseter,[45] Hayao Miyazaki,[45] All 4-day and single day passes sold out months ahead of time, however passes previously returned and refunded were sold in the final weeks before the event through Comic-Con's official eBay channel.
43 July 22–25, 2010[46] San Diego Conv. Center, Hilton San Diego Bayfront, and San Diego Marriott Hotel and Marina[47] 130,000+[1] Neal Adams, Jason Spyda Adams, Joel Adams, Josh Adams, Sergio Aragonés, Peter Bagge, Gabrielle Bell, Brian Michael Bendis, Ray Bradbury, Émile Bravo, Berkeley Breathed, Kurt Busiek, Chris Claremont, Howard Cruse, Vanessa Davis, Felicia Day, Samuel R. Delany, Dave Dorman, Mark Evanier, Jon Favreau, Matt Fraction, Hunter Freberg, Stan Freberg, Nicholas Gurewitch, Moto Hagio, Charlaine Harris, Dusty Higgins, Tanya Huff, Kathryn Immonen, Stuart Immonen, Van Jensen, Phil Jimenez, Jenette Kahn, Keith Knight, Jim Lee, Stan Lee, Paul Levitz, Milo Manara, Larry Marder, Carla Speed McNeil, China Miéville, Dennis O'Neil, Robert M. Overstreet, Tom Palmer, Sean Phillips, Ivan Reis, Douglas E. Richards, Rick Riordan, Jerry Robinson, Steve Rude, Jeannie Schulz, J. Michael Straczynski, Drew Struzan, James Sturm, Jillian Tamaki, Doug TenNapel, C. Tyler, Ann VanderMeer, Jeff VanderMeer, Gerard Way, Al Wiesner, Michael Zulli.[48] Preview night passes had already sold out by October 7, 2009, with all passes being sold out by March 2010.[49] One individual was stabbed,[50] according to the incident was later downgraded to a "severe scratching".[51]
44 July 21–24, 2011 San Diego Conv. Center, Hilton San Diego Bayfront, San Diego Marriott Hotel and Marina, and Manchester Grand Hyatt Hotel[52] 126,000+[53] Gerry Alanguilan, Sergio Aragonés, Jean Bails, Ed Benes, Anina Bennett, Jordi Bernet, Yves Bigerel, Joyce Brabner, Patricia Briggs, Chester Brown, Ernie Chan, Jo Chen, Seymour Chwast, Alan Davis, Dick DeBartolo, Tony DeZuniga, Eric Drooker, Garth Ennis, Mark Evanier, Joyce Farmer, David Finch, Dave Gibbons, Tsuneo Goda, Paul Guinan, Kim Harrison (Dawn Cook), Jonathan Hickman, John Higgins, Charlie Huston, Jamal Igle, Joëlle Jones, Sherrilyn Kenyon, Peter Kuper, Richard Kyle, Mell Lazarus, Jim Lee, Paul Levitz, David Lloyd, Patricia Lupoff, Richard A. Lupoff, Patrick McDonnell, Rebecca Moesta, Christopher Moore, Grant Morrison, Alex Niño, Ethan Nicolle, Malachai Nicolle, Anders Nilsen, Jerry Robinson, Bill Schelly, Scott Shaw, Louise Simonson, Walter Simonson, Jeff Smith, Frank Stack, Jim Steranko, Cameron Stewart, Dave Stewart, J. Michael Straczynski, Mark Tatulli, Roy Thomas, Maggie Thompson, Peter J. Tomasi, Scott Westerfeld, Ashley Wood[54] Steven Spielberg,[55] Preview Night Wed, July 20. 4-Day Passes without Preview and daily passes sold out completely less than 8 hours after going on sale.[56]
45 July 12–15, 2012 San Diego Conv. Center, Hilton San Diego Bayfront, and San Diego Marriott Hotel and Marina 130,000+[43][57] Charlie Adlard, Bill Amend, Sergio Aragonés, Tom Batiuk, Kate Beaton, Alison Bechdel, Tim Bradstreet, Mike Carey, Gail Carriger, Becky Cloonan, Geof Darrow, Ben Edlund, Steve Englehart, Mark Evanier, Greg Evans, Brecht Evens, Gary Gianni, Stan Goldberg, Rob Guillory, Larry Hama, Peter F. Hamilton, Gilbert Hernandez, Jaime Hernandez, Mario Hernandez, Jennifer and Matthew Holm, Klaus Janson, N.K. Jemisin, Lynn Johnston, Joe Jusko, Karl Kerschl, Robert Kirkman, Erik Larsen, John Layman, Jim Lee, Jeff Lemire, Paul Levitz, Rob Liefeld, Andy Mangels, Rudy Nebres, Dan Piraro, Whilce Portacio, Nate Powell, James Robinson, Brandon Sanderson, Ben Saunders, Doug Savage, John Scalzi, Mark Schultz, Scott Shaw, Gilbert Shelton, Jason Shiga, Jim Silke, Marc Silvestri, Scott Snyder, J. Michael Straczynski, Angelo Torres, Herb Trimpe, Morrie Turner, Michael Uslan, Jim Valentino, Trevor Von Eeden, Mark Waid, Tom Yeates[58] Preview Night Wed, July 11. Comic-Con begins charging for Preview Night; pre-registration during 2011 is held off-site at Manchester Grand Hyatt Hotel, and the number of pre-registrations is limited.[59] Preview and daily passes sold out within 90 minutes after sales became available online.[56] Individual crossing at red light hit by car and killed leading up to the convention.[60]
46 July 18–21, 2013 San Diego Conv. Center, Gaslamp, Hilton San Diego Bayfront, San Diego Marriott Hotel and Marina, Petco Park Manchester Grand Hyatt Hotel, Chula Vista Center 130,000+[61] Sergio Aragonés, Tom Batiuk, Brian Michael Bendis, Jon Bogdanove, Vera Brosgol, Jeffrey Brown, Frank Brunner, Gerry Conway, Denys B. Cowan, [66] Romeo Tanghal Sr., Roy Thomas, Bruce Timm, J.H. Williams III[65] Preview Night Wed, July 17. All four-day tickets sold out in under an hour,[67] and all tickets sold out in 93 minutes.[68] A young woman attempted to jump off the balcony of a local high-rise, but nearby stuntmen prevented it.[69]
47 July 24–27, 2014 San Diego Convention Center, Gaslamp Quarter, Hilton San Diego Bayfront, San Diego Marriott Hotel and Marina, Petco Park, Manchester Grand Hyatt Hotel, Harbor Club Condominiums, Westfield Horton Plaza, Chula Vista Center, Qualcomm Stadium 130,000+[70] Several people watching and marching in ZombieWalk parade Saturday hit by car driving through intersection. A 64-year-old woman sustained serious injuries to arm; two others had minor injuries.[71]
A teenage cosplayer was initially thought to have been sexually assaulted early Sunday morning, and a suspect was arrested on Sunday at the San Diego Marriott Hotel and Marina.[72] Police later stated that the teenage girl was injured in a fall; arrested individual was charged, according to NBC San Diego, with "sexual contact with a minor and providing her alcohol".[73]
48 July 9–12, 2015[74] San Diego Convention Center, Gaslamp Quarter, Hilton San Diego Bayfront, San Diego Marriott Hotel and Marina, Petco Park, Manchester Grand Hyatt Hotel, San Diego Public Library, Harbor Club Condominiums, Westfield Horton Plaza, San Diego Union Station, Qualcomm Stadium, USS Midway (CV-41), Omni San Diego Hotel, Spreckels Theater Building

Locations and dates

In "It's My Party and I'll Bang If I Want To", an episode of the 2011 season of Comic-Con Episode IV: A Fan's Hope. Writer Robert Salkowitz also used the 2011 Comic-Con as a backdrop for his book Comic-Con and the Business of Pop Culture, an analysis of the comics industry's 21st-century dilemmas and what the future may hold.

Comic-Con is mentioned in the CBS television show The Big Bang Theory in several episodes, and in NBC's Chuck in the episode "Chuck Versus the Sandworm", as an event the characters enjoy attending.[31][32] On the Futurama episode "Lrrreconcilable Ndndifferences", the main characters attend the 3010 convention (with it being referred to as "Comic-Con Intergalactic" and the iconic eye logo now sporting multiple eyes), where Fry looks for approval for his own comic while Bender attends a panel from Matt Groening (creator of Futurama as well as The Simpsons) on his new show "Futurella" (a twist on the title of the show and a parody of its cancellation by Fox).

It was reported that a mock-up of the external area near Hall D of the Convention Center depicting Comic-Con would be shown in the movie Paul which stars Simon Pegg and Nick Frost.[30] Issue No. 72 of The Invincible Iron Man (1974) was set at the July–August 1974 Comic-Con at the El Cortez Hotel, and featured cameos by a few of the special guests.

Comic-Con International has served as the setting for Mark Hamill's Comic Book: The Movie, and for an episode of the HBO television series Entourage, the latter of which, while set at the event, was not filmed there. Comic-Con also served as an excuse for the fictional characters Seth Cohen and Ryan Atwood's trip to Tijuana, Mexico in the first season of TV series The O.C. The convention also featured prominently as a setting for the Numb3rs episode "Graphic". In Season 4 of Beauty and the Geek, an episode was featured where the contestants traveled to Comic-Con 07 and were given a challenge to create their own superheroes. In an episode of Punk'd, Hilary Swank gets Punk'd after an "attack from talking robot". In Season 5, episode six, of the Showtime show Weeds, attendees from Comic-Con 2009 are seen in Silas and Doug's medicinal marijuana club.

In the media

In the 21st century, the convention has drawn toy and collectibles designers who sell "Comic-Con Exclusive" products. Such companies have included LEGO, Hasbro, Gentle Giant LTD, Mattel, National Entertainment Collectibles Association, ThinkGeek, and Sideshow Collectibles.[29] Most such exclusives are licensed properties of movie, comic book, and animation characters.

Exclusive collectibles

The neighboring [27]

There are at least 17 separate rooms in the Convention Center used for panels and screenings, ranging in size from 280 seats to 6,100 seats. The two biggest are Ballroom 20, which seats approximately 4,900;[25] and Hall H, which seats just over 6,100.[26]

In 2013, there were 1075 total panels held during the convention, the plurality of which were anime-focused (29%), followed by comic-focused panels (26%). 1036 vendors participated in the convention in 2013.[24]

While many animated shows are represented, a high number of non-animated shows are also promoted by studios and the networks. Examples of the wide variety of TV shows recently promoted include Bones, Burn Notice, Castle, Chuck, Grimm, MythBusters, Nikita, Once Upon a Time, Psych, Supernatural, The Big Bang Theory, and The Vampire Diaries. Sci-fi TV shows are also there, such as Being Human, EUReKA, Fringe, Lost Girl, Sanctuary, Torchwood, Doctor Who and Warehouse 13, but HBO and Showtime are also big attractions with shows like Game of Thrones, Dexter, Shameless and True Blood.[21][22][23]

In recent years, the number of television shows that are promoted far outnumber films. During the 2011 convention, at least 80 TV shows were represented, compared to about 35 films.[21] The shows not only promote in the exhibit halls, but also use screenings and panels of various actors, writers, producers, and others from their shows.

Academics and comic industry professionals annually hold the Comics Arts Conference at Comic-Con, presenting scholarly studies on comics as a medium.

Like most comic-book conventions, Comic-Con features a large floorspace for exhibitors. These include media companies such as movie studios and TV networks, as well as comic-book dealers and collectibles merchants. And like most comics conventions, Comic-Con includes an autograph area, as well as the Artists' Alley where comics artists can sign autographs and sell or do free sketches. Despite the name, artists' alleys can include writers and even models.

Traditional events include an eclectic film program, screening rooms devoted to Japanese animation, gaming, programs such as cartoonist Scott Shaw!'s "Oddball Comics" slide show and animation expert Jerry Beck's program featuring TV's "worst cartoons ever", as well as over 350 hours of other programming on all aspects of comic books and pop culture.

Along with panels, seminars, and workshops with comic book professionals, there are previews of upcoming feature films, and portfolio review sessions with top comic book and video game companies. The evenings include events such as awards ceremonies, the annual Masquerade costume contest, and the Comic-Con International Independent Film Festival, which showcases shorts and feature-length movies that do not have distribution or distribution deals.


According to the San Diego Convention and Visitor's Bureau the convention has an annual regional economic impact of $162.8 million,[19] with a $180 million economic impact in 2011.[20]

The convention is organized by a panel of 13 board members, 16 to 20 full-time and part-time workers, and 80 volunteers who assist via committees. Comic Con International is a non-profit organization, and proceeds of the event go to funding it, as well as the Alternative Press Expo (APE) and WonderCon.[13] The convention logo was designed by Richard Bruning and Josh Beatman in 1995. In September 2010, the convention announced that it would stay in San Diego through 2015.[16][17] In 2015, working with Lionsgate, a video channel was created to host Comic-Con related content.[18]

Following the initial gathering, Dorf's first three-day San Diego comics convention, the Golden State Comic-Con,[9] drew 300 people[11] and was held at the Society for Creative Anachronism and the Mythopoeic Society, among others. (We found a lot of talent and strength through diversity)."[14] By the late 1970s the show had grown to such an extent that Bob Schreck recalled visiting with his then-boss Gary Berman of Creation Conventions and reflecting, "While [Berman] kept repeating (attempting to convince himself) 'This show's not any bigger than ours!' I was quietly walking the floor stunned and in awe of just how much bigger it really was. I was blown away."[15]

[3] Alf co-chaired the first convention with Krueger and became chairman in 1971.[10]

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