World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Stanley Kowalski

Stanley Kowalski
Marlon Brando as Stanley Kowalski from the stage version of A Streetcar Named Desire (1948).
First appearance A Streetcar Named Desire
Created by Tennessee Williams
Portrayed by Marlon Brando
Bonar Colleano
Jack Palance
Ralph Meeker
Anthony Quinn
James Farentino
Aidan Quinn
Treat Williams
Alec Baldwin
Blair Underwood
Michael Arata
John C. Reilly
Stephon O'Neal Pettway
Joel Edgerton
Ricardo Antonio Chavira
Rod Gilfry
Teddy Tahu Rhodes
August Costello
Information
Gender Male
Spouse(s) Stella Kowalski
Children a son
Relatives Blanche DuBois (sister-in-law)

Stanley Kowalski is a fictional character in Tennessee Williams' play A Streetcar Named Desire.[1]

In the play

Stanley lives in the working-class Faubourg Marigny neighborhood of New Orleans with his wife, Stella (née Dubois), and is employed as a factory parts salesman. He was an Army engineer in World War II, having served as a Master Sergeant. He has a vicious temper, and fights often with his wife, leading to instances of domestic violence. Near the beginning of the play, Stanley announces that Stella is pregnant.

Stanley's life becomes more complicated when Stella's sister Blanche shows up at their door for a seemingly indefinite "visit". He resents the aristocratic Blanche, who derides him as an "ape", and often calls him a Polack. His resentment intensifies when Blanche starts dating his friend, Mitch, and lets Stella briefly take refuge with her after an argument in which he hits her.

Stanley starts asking questions of a street merchant who knew Blanche in her old life, and finds out that Blanche is staying with the Kowalskis because she is homeless; her family's ancestral mansion, Belle Reve, has been mortgaged. He also learns that she was paid to leave Mississippi to quell gossip about her many affairs, which she began after her husband, a closeted homosexual, committed suicide. Overjoyed to have the upper hand, Stanley tells Mitch about Blanche's past, which scares Mitch into ending the relationship.

The night that Stella gives birth to their son, Stanley goes out and gets drunk in celebration, and returns home finds a similarly drunk Blanche, lost in fantasies of better times. He makes a crude, drunken pass at her, which she rebuffs. Enraged, Stanley overpowers and rapes her. This final assault on what she had left of her dignity sends Blanche over the edge into a nervous breakdown. Weeks later, Stella has Blanche committed to a mental institution at Stanley's insistence. In the original play, Stella refuses to believe Blanche and stays with Stanley; in the 1951 film adaptation and many stagings of the play, however, she leaves him and takes their child.

In other media

He was most famously portrayed by Marlon Brando in the play's initial Broadway performance as well as the 1951 film adaptation. Since then, he has been played by Treat Williams and Alec Baldwin in, respectively, the 1984 and 1995 telefilm adaptations.[2]

References

  1. ^ Mel Gussow (1988-03-14). "Critic's Notebook; Has Stanley Kowalski Become an Unactable Role?". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-04-30. 
  2. ^ Frank Rich (1992-04-13). "Review/Theater: A Streetcar Named Desire; Alec Baldwin Does Battle With the Ghosts". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-04-30. 


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from School eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.