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Title: Zorah  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Samson, Sar'a
Collection: Former Populated Places in Southwest Asia, Hebrew Bible Cities
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Zorah (Hebrew: צרעה‎) or Tzorah, perhaps "place of wasps," was a biblical town in the low country of Judah.


Zorah was situated on the crest of a hill overlooking the valley of Sorek, and was fortified by Rehoboam (2 Chronicles 11:10). It has been identified with Sar'a, 23 kilometers west of Jerusalem near Nahal Sorek.


Zorah was mentioned together with Ajalon in the Amarna letters as a city attacked by the Apiru.

In Joshua 19:41, Zorah is mentioned in the allotment of the Tribe of Judah, on the border with the Tribe of Dan. It was most likely the Danites that occupied Zorah Judges 18:2, probably the same as Zoreah (Joshua 15:33). This was Samson's birthplace (Judges 13:2), and near it he may be found in a grave (Judges 16:31).

Zorah is also the name of an Egyptian sun god which is in line with other sun-worshiping villages in the area, Eshtaol (valley of fire) and Beit Shemesh (house of sun).

The Palestinian village Sar'a was located in the presumed location of the ancient town. It was depopulated during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.

A kibbutz of this Hebrew name is now located nearby.


 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: yndicalist]]

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