World Library  

QR link for Atmospheric Processes Triggering the Central European Floods in June 2013 : Volume 14, Issue 7 (04/07/2014)
Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Atmospheric Processes Triggering the Central European Floods in June 2013 : Volume 14, Issue 7 (04/07/2014)

By Grams, C. M.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0004018429
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 12
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Atmospheric Processes Triggering the Central European Floods in June 2013 : Volume 14, Issue 7 (04/07/2014)  
Author: Grams, C. M.
Volume: Vol. 14, Issue 7
Language: English
Subject: Science, Natural, Hazards
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2014
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Binder, H., Piaget, N., Pfahl, S., Wernli, H., & Grams, C. M. (2014). Atmospheric Processes Triggering the Central European Floods in June 2013 : Volume 14, Issue 7 (04/07/2014). Retrieved from http://community.schoollibrary.com/


Description
Description: Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zurich, Switzerland. In June 2013, central Europe was hit by a century flood affecting the Danube and Elbe catchments after a 4 day period of heavy precipitation and causing severe human and economic loss. In this study model analysis and observational data are investigated to reveal the key atmospheric processes that caused the heavy precipitation event. The period preceding the flood was characterised by a weather regime associated with cool and unusual wet conditions resulting from repeated Rossby wave breaking (RWB). During the event a single RWB established a reversed baroclinicity in the low to mid-troposphere in central Europe with cool air trapped over the Alps and warmer air to the north. The upper-level cut-off resulting from the RWB instigated three consecutive cyclones in eastern Europe that unusually tracked westward during the days of heavy precipitation. Continuous large-scale slantwise ascent in so-called equatorward ascending warm conveyor belts (WCBs) associated with these cyclones is found as the key process that caused the 4 day heavy precipitation period. Fed by moisture sources from continental evapotranspiration, these WCBs unusually ascended equatorward along the southward sloping moist isentropes. Although equatorward ascending WCBs are climatologically rare events, they have great potential for causing high impact weather.

Summary
Atmospheric processes triggering the central European floods in June 2013

Excerpt
Altenhoff, A. M., Martius, O., Croci-Maspoli, M., Schwierz, C., and Davies, H. C.: Linkage of atmospheric blocks and synoptic-scale Rossby waves: a climatological analysis, Tellus Series A, 60, 1053–1063, doi:10.1111/j.1600-0870.2008.00354.x, 2008.; Bourqui, M. S.: Stratosphere-troposphere exchange from the Lagrangian perspective: a case study and method sensitivities, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 2651–2670, doi:10.5194/acp-6-2651-2006, 2006.; Browning, K. A.: Organization of clouds and precipitation in extratropical cyclones, in: The Erik Palmen Memorial Volume, edited by: Newton, C. and Holopainen, E., 129–153, American Meteorological Society, 1990.; Browning, K. A., Hardman, M. E., Harrold, T. E., and Pardoe, C. W.: The structure of rainbands within a mid-latitude depression, Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 99, 215–231, doi:10.1002/qj.49709942002, 1973.; Croci-Maspoli, M., Schwierz, C., and Davies, H. C.: A multifaceted climatology of atmospheric blocking and its recent linear trend, J. Climate, 20, 633–649, doi:10.1175/JCLI4029.1, 2007.; Dee, D. P., Uppala, S. M., Simmons, A. J., Berrisford, P., Poli, P., Kobayashi, S., Andrae, U., Balmaseda, M. A., Balsamo, G., Bauer, P., Bechtold, P., Beljaars, A. C. M., van de Berg, L., Bidlot, J., Bormann, N., Delsol, C., Dragani, R., Fuentes, M., Geer, A. J., Haimberger, L., Healy, S. B., Hersbach, H., Hólm, E. V., Isaksen, L., Kållberg, P., Köhler, M., Matricardi, M., McNally, A. P., Monge-Sanz, B. M., Morcrette, J.-J., Park, B.-K., Peubey, C., de Rosnay, P., Tavolato, C., Thépaut, J.-N., and Vitart, F.: The ERA-Interim reanalysis: configuration and performance of the data assimilation system, Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 137, 553–597, doi:10.1002/qj.828, 2011.; Grams, C. M., Wernli, H., Böttcher, M., Č}ampa, J., Corsmeier, U., {Jones, S. C., Keller, J. H., Lenz, C.-J., and Wiegand, L.: The key role of diabatic processes in modifying the upper-level tropospheric wave guide: a North Atlantic case study, Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 137, 2174–2193, doi:10.1002/qj.891, 2011.; Hohenegger, C., Walser, A., Langhans, W., and Schär, C.: Cloud-resolving ensemble simulations of the August 2005 Alpine flood, Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 134, 889–904, doi:10.1002/qj.252, 2008.; Hoskins, B. J., McIntyre, M. E., and Robertson, A. W.: On the use and significance of isentropic potential vorticity maps, Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 111, 877–946, doi:10.1002/qj.49711147002, 1985.; James, P., Stohl, A., Spichtinger, N., Eckhardt, S., and Forster, C.: Climatological aspects of the extreme European rainfall of August 2002 and a trajectory method for estimating the associated evaporative source regions, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 4, 733–746, doi:10.5194/nhess-4-733-2004, 2004.; Keil, C., Volkert, H., and Majewski, D.: The Oder flood in July 1997: Transport routes of precipitable water diagnosed with an operational forecast model, Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 235–238, 1999.; LfU: Junihochwasser 2013 – Wasserwirtschaftlicher Bericht, http://www.hnd.bayern.de/ereignisse/hw062013/Junihochwasser2013_2013-10; Madonna, E., Wernli, H., Joos, H., and Martius, O.: Warm conveyor belts in the ERA-Interim data set (1979–2010). Part I: Climatology and potential vorticity evolution, J. Climate, 27, 3–26, doi:doi:10.1175/JCLI

 
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from School eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.