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What is Philosophy? : Embodiment, Signification, Ideality

By: O'Neill Surber, Jere, Author;

What is Philosophy? : Embodiment, Signification, Ideality by O'Neill Surber, Jere, Author; published by

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On Prophesying Dreams

By: Aristotle; Philosopher of Greece
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Parmenides

By: Plato

...racter of Antiphon, the half brother of Plato, who had once been inclined to philosophy , but has now shown the hereditary disposition for horses, is ... ...ters have regarded the Parmenides as a ‘reductio ad absurdum’ of the Eleatic philosophy. But would Plato have been likely to place this in the mouth o... ...ich we must arrive is that the Parmenides is not a refutation of the Eleatic philosophy . Nor would such an explanation afford any satisfactory connex... ...stotle; they are the objections which naturally occur to a modern student of philosophy . Many persons will be surprised to find Plato criticizing the... ...) The full discussion of this subject involves a comprehensive survey of the philosophy of Plato, which would be out of place here. But, without digre... ... the birth place of Anaxagoras, a citizen of no mean city in the history of philosophy , who is the narrator of the dialogue, describes himself as me... ...ou ask?’ ‘Let me introduce to you some countrymen of mine, who are lovers of philosophy; they have heard that Antiphon remembers a conversation of Soc... ...ts have another direction: he takes after his grandfather , and has given up philosophy for horses.’ ‘ We went to look for him, and found him giv ing... ...what becomes of the mind? and where are the reasoning and reflecting powers? philosophy is at an end.’ ‘I certainly do not see my way .’ ‘I think,’ sa...

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On Interpretation

By: Aristotle; Philosopher of Greece
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St Statesman

By: Plato

...d, not with the original Sophist, but with the soph- istry of the schools of philosophy , which are mak- ing reasoning impossible; and is driven by th... ...onscious of the realities of human life. Yet the ideal glory of the Platonic philosophy is not 4 Statesman extinguished. He is still looking for a ci... ...er but with the animals, they had em- ployed these advantages with a view to philosophy , gathering from every nature some addition to their store of ... ...re was little or nothing in the space between them. Thus there is a basis of philosophy , on which the improb- abilities of the tale may be said to re... ...nform exactly to the same pattern. We do not find perfect consistency in his philosophy; and still less have we any right to demand this of him in his... ...cally termed by Glaucon in the Repub- lic, and the higher life of reason and philosophy. But as no one can determine the state of man in the world bef... ...im in the previous dialogues, but nowhere has the spirit of modern inductive philosophy been more hap- pily indicated than in the words of the Statesm... ...n, but with the brute creation, had used all these advantages with a view to philosophy , conversing with the brutes as well as with one another, and ...

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On Sense and the Sensible

By: Aristotle; Philosopher of Greece
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Philadelphia 1785-1790

By: Benjamin Franklin

...s you so well express, of the growing felicity of mankind, from the improvements in philosophy, morals, politics, and even the conveniences of common ...

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History of Animals

By: Aristotle; Philosopher of Greece
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Rhetoric

By: Aristotle; Philosopher of Greece

...re about: thus those who are eager to win fame as philosophers get angry with those who show contempt for their philosophy; those who pride themselves... ...ays the same: e.g. 'you are going to decide not about Isocrates, but about the value of the whole profession of philosophy.' Or, 'to give earth and wa... ...was the deed you sowed and evil the harvest you reaped'. That is too much like poetry. Alcidamas, again, called philosophy 'a fortress that threatens ... ...n said already, from things that are related to the original thing, and yet not obviously so related-just as in philosophy also an acute mind will per... ... Nor should you try to make enthymemes on every point; if you do, you will be acting just like some students of philosophy, whose conclusions are more...

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Representative Government

By: John Stuart Mill

...ng it, is the order of ideas in the minds of those who adopt this view of political philosophy. They look upon a constitution in the same light (diffe... ...ost of those who, in the last or present generation, have applied themselves to the philosophy of politics in any comprehensive spirit, have felt the ... ...ernment can be required to promote. But, thus understood, it affords no basis for a philosophy of government. We cannot say that, in constituting a po... ...n political science at large. For our more limited purpose we borrow from political philosophy only its general principles. To determine the form of g... ...un makes them claim to have the control of their own actions. The leaders of French philosophy in the eighteenth century had been educated by the Jesu... ... forbearance of the class itself. If checks of this description are sufficient, the philosophy of constitutional government is but solemn trifling. Al...

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Notes from the Underground

By: Fyodor Dostoyevsky
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On the Parts of Animals

By: Aristotle; Philosopher of Greece

...of natural science. Now if it be of the whole soul that this should treat, then there is no place for any other philosophy beside it. For as it belong... ...affinity to us balances somewhat the loftier interest of the heavenly things that are the objects of the higher philosophy. Having already treated of ... ...c spirit that designed them, give immense pleasure to all who can trace links of causation, and are inclined to philosophy. Indeed, it would be strang... ... object of architecture is not bricks, mortar, or timber, but the house; and so the principal object of natural philosophy is not the material element... .... These, however, are matters which may be suitably considered in the Principles of Diseases, so far as natural philosophy has anything to say to them...

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Poetics

By: Aristotle; Philosopher of Greece
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On Sleep and Sleeplessness

By: Aristotle; Philosopher of Greece
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On Sophistical Refutations

By: Aristotle; Philosopher of Greece

...or does it show anything, nor is it even an argument such as we find in the general philosophy of being. For all beings are not contained in any one k... ...d of what use is served by arguments of this kind. The use of them, then, is, for philosophy, twofold. For in the first place, since for the most pa...

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Philebus

By: Plato

..., derived from a previous state of existence, is a note of progress in the philosophy of Plato. The transcendental theory of pre-existent ideas, which... ...he greater feebleness of age, or to the development of the quarrel between philosophy and po- etry in Plato’s own mind, or perhaps, in some degree, to... ...roken up into a number of indi- viduals, or be in and out of them at once. Philosophy had so deepened or intensified the nature of one or Being, by th... ... in the unity of the idea is regarded by Hegel as the supreme principle of philosophy; and the law of contradiction, which is affirmed by logicians to... ...unchangeableness which cannot be got rid of. 3. In the language of ancient philosophy, the relative character of pleasure is described as becoming or ... ...easures. But to us the distinction is unmeaning, and belongs to a stage of philosophy which has passed away. Plato him- self seems to have suspected t... ...described as eminent in physics. There is unfortunately no school of Greek philosophy known to us which combined these two 16 Philebus characteristic... ...ng Socrates the first utilitarian; as indeed there is no side or aspect of philosophy which may not with rea- son be ascribed to him—he is Cynic and C... ...nd), still, why should we make an ambiguous word the corner-stone of moral philosophy? To the higher thinker the Utilitar- ian or hedonist mode of sp...

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Sophist

By: Plato

... of Hegel seemed to find in the Sophist the crown and summit of the Platonic philosophy—here is the place at which Plato most nearly approaches to the... ...on which they are intended to meet. The sophisms of the day were undermining philosophy; the denial of the existence of Not being, and of the connexio... ...fancy of Plato, now boast ful, now eristic, now clothing himself in rags of philosophy , now more akin to the rhetorician or lawyer , now haranguing,... ...r varies in different dialogues. Like my 8 Sophist – Plato thology , Greek philosophy has a tendency to per sonify ideas. And the Sophist is not m... ... additional association, if any , was only that of rhetorician or teacher . Philosophy had become eclecticism and imitation: in the decline of Greek ... ...mes, such as Plotinus, and would have been more often used of a professor of philosophy in general than of a maintainer of particular tenets. But the ... ..., except perhaps in the Euthydemus of Plato, we find no other trace in Greek philosophy; he combines the teacher of virtue with the Eristic; while in ... ...ot being’ appears to us to be one of the most unreal difficulties of ancient philosophy. We cannot understand the attitude of mind which could imagine... ...e? The answer to this, and to nearly all other difficul ties of early Greek philosophy , is to be sought for in the history of ideas, and the answer ...

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Posterior Analytics

By: Aristotle; Philosopher of Greece

...nd metaphysical thinking, belongs rather partly to natural science, partly to moral philosophy. 34 Quick wit is a fa...

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Nicomachean Ethics

By: Aristotle; Philosopher of Greece

...nt; for perfect precision about them would be more appropriate to another branch of philosophy. And similarly with regard to the Idea; even if there i... ...a course of treatment, the former will not be made well in soul by such a course of philosophy. 5 Next we must cons... .... And so too, it seems, should one make a return to those with whom one has studied philosophy; for their worth cannot be measured against money, and ... ...rs dice together, others join in athletic exercises and hunting, or in the study of philosophy, each class spending their days together in whatever th... ...e question of the constitution, in order to complete to the best of our ability our philosophy of human nature. First, then, if anything has been said...

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Politics

By: Aristotle; Philosopher of Greece

...ion which places them above toil have stewards who attend to their households while they occupy themselves with philosophy or with politics. But the a... ...of wealth-getting; we will now proceed to the practical part. The discussion of such matters is not unworthy of philosophy, but to be engaged in them ... ...him on account of his reputation for wisdom. He was reproached for his poverty, which was supposed to show that philosophy was of no use. According to... ...nks will make the state virtuous, should expect to improve his citizens by regulations of this sort, and not by philosophy or by customs and laws, lik... ...ny desire pleasures which depend on themselves, they will find the satisfaction of their desires nowhere but in philosophy; for all other pleasures we... ... cannot face danger like men are the slaves of any invader. Courage and endurance are required for business and philosophy for leisure, temperance and... ...ple, those (if such there be, as the poets say) who dwell in the Islands of the Blest; they above all will need philosophy and temperance and justice,...

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